Emergence of peste des petits ruminants virus lineage IV in Ismailia Province, Egypt.

Abstract

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, highly contagious fatal disease of small ruminants characterized by high fever, ocular and nasal discharge, pneumonia, erosive stomatitis and severe enteritis that ultimately results in high mortalities. Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) is widely distributed and endemic in several African, middle eastern and south Asian countries and it poses a threat to European countries. Egyptian veterinary medical authorities stated that Egypt is free from PPRV and the only measures for disease control are test and slaughter of infected population to maintain the free status. The aim of our investigation was to detect PPRV in Ismailia province as an indicator of the infection status in Egypt and perform molecular characterization of the emerging virus to gain insight into the origin of circulating virus. A total of 40 representative clinical samples, from a single goat case and goat flock in 2010 and sheep flock in 2012, were tested for PPRV by RT-PCR. About 21 (52.5%) samples were positive. The phylogenetic analysis of the detected viruses revealed circulation of PPRV lineage IV. The circulating viruses are closely related to Sudanese and Saudia Arabian strains with nucleotide identity ranged from 99.2% to 99.6%, respectively. Also, it is closely related to Moroccan 2008 viruses with identities ranged from 97.6% to 98%. Epidemiological investigation at the national level is recommended for monitoring PPRV spread and implementing an appropriate control program.

DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.08.016

Cite this paper

@article{Soltan2014EmergenceOP, title={Emergence of peste des petits ruminants virus lineage IV in Ismailia Province, Egypt.}, author={Mohamed Ahmed Soltan and Mohamed M. Abd-Eldaim}, journal={Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases}, year={2014}, volume={28}, pages={44-7} }