Emergence of Toscana Virus in Europe

  title={Emergence of Toscana Virus in Europe},
  author={R{\'e}mi N Charrel and Pierre Gallian and Jos{\'e}-Mar{\'i}a Navarro-Mar{\'i} and Loredana Nicoletti and Anna Papa and M{\'a}ria Paz S{\'a}nchez-Seco and Antonio Tenorio and Xavier de Lamballerie},
  booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases},
Toscana virus (TOSV) is an arthropod-borne virus first identified in 1971 from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus in central Italy. Many case reports in travelers and clinical research and epidemiologic studies conducted around the Mediterranean region have shown that TOSV has a tropism for the central nervous system (CNS) and is a major cause of meningitis and encephalitis in countries in which it circulates. In central Italy, TOSV is the most frequent cause of meningitis from May to October… CONTINUE READING
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