Emergence of Gay Identity and Gay Social Movements in Developing Countries: The AIDS Crisis as Catalyst

@article{Roberts1995EmergenceOG,
  title={Emergence of Gay Identity and Gay Social Movements in Developing Countries: The AIDS Crisis as Catalyst},
  author={Matthew W. Roberts},
  journal={Alternatives: Global, Local, Political},
  year={1995},
  volume={20},
  pages={243 - 264}
}
  • M. Roberts
  • Published 1 April 1995
  • Political Science
  • Alternatives: Global, Local, Political
Although it is important to acknowledge that the virus affects a wide and growing number of people outside our communities, there is no doubt that it has had an unparalleled impact upon our particular attempts at self-help and organization … yet, at the same time, it has stimulated the growth of many more groups, often bringing lesbians and gay men together for the first time in a particular town or country. In some areas, it has meant the growth of identity and self-respect as lesbian, gay, or… 

Love, Lust, and Loss in the Early Age of AIDS: The Discourse in the Body Politic From 1981 to 1987

TLDR
The idea that the AIDS epidemic constituted a defining moment for the Canadian gay rights movement and illuminates the intricate power dynamics of the development of a community identity is explored.

Interventions for Men Who Have Sex with Men

TLDR
The ways in which the relationship between homosexual behavior and HIV/AIDS has been conceived in these regions are explored and the implications for the development of behavioral interventions and prevention programs for men who have sex with men are examined.

Globalization of LGBT Identities and Politics

This chapter outlines the emergence of dominant modern LGBT identities and politics, and discusses their globalization, acknowledging the key role of the HIV and AIDS epidemic in this process.

Conspicuous by their absence? Men who have sex with men (msm) in developing countries: Implications for HIV prevention

Men who have sex with men remain conspicuously absent from the HIV policy and programme agendas of the majority of developing countries despite efforts by activists and community groups to draw

Sexual minorities, human rights and public health strategies in Africa.

TLDR
It is argued that strategies primarily focused on health concerns that simultaneously yet discreetly promote sexual rights are having some success in challenging prevalent homophobic or ‘silencing’ cultures and discourses.

Sexual Orientation in Portugal: Towards Emancipation

This essay analyzes the emergence of the Portuguese lesbian-gay-bisexual-transsexual (LGBT) movement, identifying actors, alliances, impasses, and possibilities for sexual emancipation in a

The Individualization of Society and the Liberalization of State Policies on Same-Sex Sexual Relations, 1984–1995

Over the last half century, social life throughout much of the world has been reconstituted around individualized persons, conceived to embody ultimate authority over their own lives. As individuals

Tswanarising global gayness: the ‘unAfrican’ argument, Western gay media imagery, local responses and gay culture in Botswana

TLDR
A communication activism strategy is proposed to undermine the unAfrican argument by cultivating and asserting the ‘tswanarisation’ of gay culture in Botswana that is already taking place, and which may also be effective in other African societies.

An Examination of Factors that Catalyze LGBTQ Movements in Middle Eastern and North African Authoritarian Regimes

Citizens’ increased access to the internet is transforming political landscapes across the globe. The implications for civil society, culture, religion, governmental legitimacy and accountability are

‘Aid for gays’: the moral and the material in ‘African homophobia’ in post-2009 Malawi*

ABSTRACT In recent years, ‘African homophobia’ has become a spectacle on the global stage, making Africa into a pre-modern site of anti-gay sentiment in need of Western intervention. This article

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES

Gay liberation and coming out in Mexico.

  • J. Carrier
  • Sociology, Political Science
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 1989
TLDR
A detailed history of the gay liberation movement in Guadalajara is given because it provides an excellent example of the interaction of sociocultural variables and shows how different the outcome of liberation may be for gay people in Mexico.

Youth, identity, and homosexuality: the changing shape of sexual life in contemporary Brazil.

TLDR
The relationship between homosexuality and adolescence in contemporary Brazil is examined, focusing on a distinction between a traditional model of the sexual universe that continues to dominate sexual life in rural areas and a more modern set of notions that has become increasingly important in the cities.

In Nicaragua: homosexuality without a gay world.

  • B. Adam
  • Sociology
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 1993
TLDR
The political economy of a nation, subjected to a devastating war by the United States, created conditions where sexual relations among men have not become organized into a gay world which would be familiar to North Americans and Europeans.

Working class homosexuality and HIV/AIDS prevention some recent research from Sydney, Australia

Abstract Surveys on gay and bisexual men in Sydney and non-metropolitan New South Wales (NSW) indicate uneven patterns of HIV/AIDS knowledge and sexual behaviour change. As a follow-up

Attitudes to sex and sexual behaviour in rural Matabeleland, Zimbabwe.

TLDR
Results indicate that traditional sex education no longer takes place and that communication between sexual partners is limited in Zimbabwe, and Safe sex messages from the West are inappropriate in the Zimbabwean context.

The formation of homosexual identities.

TLDR
This paper uses sociological theory to develop an ideal-typical model of homosexual identity formation and describes how committed homosexuals, lesbians and gay males who see themselves as homosexual and adopt corresponding lifestyles, recall having acquired their homosexual identities.

Knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases, HIV infection and AIDS among sexually active adolescents in Nairobi, Kenya and its relationship to their sexual behaviour and contraception.

TLDR
Most of these sexually active adolescents had not changed their sexual behaviour, nor were they using any protective measure against STD's or HIV infection, as a reflection of their low awareness on AIDS.