Emergence in simulated evolution

  title={Emergence in simulated evolution},
  author={Andr{\'e} Leier},
  journal={Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines},
Wolfgang Banzhaf’s essay elegantly shows how emergence can be observed within the genetic programming (GP) framework. His work provides inspiration to employ GP for investigating emerging phenomena in biological evolution. This commentary attempts to further stimulate such development towards a more realistic GP framework by incorporating features observed in natural evolution. The examples discussed are multiscalarity, lower-level stochasticity, and co-evolution of repair or protection… CONTINUE READING

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A venerable concept in search of a theory

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