Emergence: Core ideas and issues

  title={Emergence: Core ideas and issues},
  author={Jaegwon Kim},
  • Jaegwon Kim
  • Published 9 August 2006
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Synthese
This paper explores the fundamental ideas that have motivated the idea of emergence and the movement of emergentism. The concept of reduction, which lies at the heart of the emergence idea is explicated, and it is shown how the thesis that emergent properties are irreducible gives a unified account of emergence. The paper goes on to discuss two fundamental unresolved issues for emergentism. The first is that of giving a “positive” characterization of emergence; the second is to give a coherent… 
Brute Facts about Emergence
  • J. Symons
  • Philosophy
    Oxford Scholarship Online
  • 2018
This chapter explores the relationship between the concept of emergence, the goal of theoretical completeness, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Samuel Alexander and C. D. Broad argued for
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Philosophical Paradigms, Grounded Theory, and Perspectives on Emergence
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The Emergence of Mind: A Dualistic Understanding
The aim of this essay is to show that emergentism in the philosophy of mind should be understood as a dualistic position. Before exposing my thesis I would like to say something about emergentism. It
Emergence : A Biologist ’ s Look at Complexity in Nature
Emergence theory states that nature presents itself to us in a hierarchy of levels. Compared to a lower level, emergent levels are novel; they cannot be reduced to, or predicted from, a lower level.
The Impossibility of Emergent Conscious Causal Powers
ABSTRACT This paper argues that emergent conscious properties can't bestow emergent causal powers. It supports this conclusion by way of a dilemma. Necessarily, an (allegedly efficacious) emergent
Sixteen Years Later: Making Sense of Emergence (Again)
Sixteen years after Kim’s seminal paper offering a welcomed analysis of the emergence concept, I propose in this paper a needed extension of Kim’s work that does more justice to the actual diversity
Integrated-structure emergence and its mechanistic explanation
  • Gil Santos
  • Computer Science, Sociology
  • 2020
This paper proposes an integrated-structure notion of interlevel (part-whole) emergence, from a dynamic relational ontological perspective, and argues that even though the emergent structural attributes of such systems are not micro-determined nor micro-reducible, they can be accounted for by an interlevel integrative neo-mechanistic form of explanation.


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An innocent form of emergence—what I call "weak emergence"—is now a commonplace in a thriving interdisciplinary nexus of scientific activity—sometimes called the "sciences of complexity"—that include
How Properties Emerge
A framework for representing a specific kind of emergent property instance is given. A solution to a generalized version of the exclusion argument is then provided and it is shown that upwards and
Blocking Causal Drainage and Other Maintenance Chores with Mental Causation
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Kim On Reduction
In Mind in a Physical World (1998), Jaegwon Kim has recently extended his ongoing critique of `non-reductive materialist' positions in philosophy of mind by arguing that Nagel's model of reduction is
Physical Emergence, Diachronic And Synchronic
This paper explicates two notions of emergence which are based on two ways of distinguishing levels of properties for dynamical systems: diachronic and synchronic emergence and lower level to lower level emergent properties.
The Metaphysics of Emergence
(1) Non-Identity of the Mental and the Physical Mental properties and states cannot be identified with specific physical properties and states. (2) Causal Closure (Completeness) of the Physical The
Mind in a Physical World
he elaborated his famous attacks to different kinds of non-reductive physicalism, including supervenient-based accounts. But it is only around 1993 that he begins to develop a model that replaces SC.
Causality and Properties
It is events, rather then objects or properties, that are usually taken by philosophers to be the terms of the causal relationship. But an event typically consists of a change in the properties or
On the individuation of events
As Donald Davidson has pointed out,1 there are many good reasons for taking events seriously as concrete individuals, i.e., as numerically unique entities which have location in space and time. In
Weak emergence : Causation and emergence
Analyse de la notion d'emergence faible dans le domaine interdisciplinaire des sciences de la complexite comprenant le modele connexionniste, la dynamique non-lineaire et la vie artificielle.