Embryonic exposure to o,p′‐DDT causes eggshell thinning and altered shell gland carbonic anhydrase expression in the domestic hen

@article{Holm2006EmbryonicET,
  title={Embryonic exposure to o,p′‐DDT causes eggshell thinning and altered shell gland carbonic anhydrase expression in the domestic hen},
  author={Lena Holm and Alexandra Blomqvist and Ingvar Brandt and Bj{\"o}rn Brunstr{\"o}m and Yvonne Ridderstr{\aa}le and Cecilia Berg},
  journal={Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry},
  year={2006},
  volume={25}
}
The mechanism for contaminant‐induced eggshell thinning in wild birds remains to be clarified. It is generally assumed, however, that it results from exposure of the adult laying female. We have reported that embryonic exposure to the synthetic estrogen ethynylestradiol (EE2) results in eggshell thinning in the domestic hen. The objective of this study was to investigate whether eggshell thinning can be induced following in ovo exposure to a bioaccumulating estrogenic environmental contaminant… 

Reproductive and developmental effects of transovarian exposure to o,p′‐DDT in Japanese quails

TLDR
The results indicated that transovarian exposure to o,p'-DDT could bring about population declines in avian species through loss of fecundity caused by depression of hatchability and dysfunction of the reproductive tract.

Avian eggshell thinning caused by transovarian exposure to o,p'-DDT: changes in histology and calcium-binding protein production in the oviduct uterus.

Reproductive disorders in birds are the most characteristic effects of DDT contamination of wildlife. Experimental exposure of avian eggs to the estrogenic substance o,p'-DDT causes abnormal

Mechanisms of estrogen-induced effects in avian reproduction caused by transovarian application of a xenoestrogen, diethylstilbestrol

TLDR
Scanning electron microscopy showed that shell thinning was pronounced in the mammillary and cuticular layers of the eggshell, regions where osteopontin proteins are reportedly located, indicating that transovarian exposure to xenoestrogens causes malformation and dysfunction of the oviducts, where calcium regulating molecules could play key roles in eggshell thinning.

Evaluation of the impact of in‐ovo exposure to dicofol on avian reproduction

TLDR
The results indicate that transovarian exposure, especially to o,p′‐dicofol, could damage avian reproduction mainly through eggshell thinning.

Effects of transovarian exposure to p,p'-DDT and p,p'-DDE on avian reproduction using Japanese quails.

TLDR
Exposure experiments to the major component of commercial DDT and its persistent metabolite, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), were performed using Japanese quail eggs; the test substances had no significant effects on the morphology and function of the reproductive systems, although the hatchability of treated eggs was reduced at the highest dose.

Reproductive and developmental toxicity in avian species

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TLDR
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TLDR
It is proposed that eggshell thinning in avian wildlife could reflect a functional malformation in the shell gland, already induced by xenoestrogen during embryonic development rather than being caused solely by exposure of the adult bird.

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TLDR
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TLDR
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