Embryologic and anatomic basis of esophageal surgery.


The embryogenesis, congenital anomalies, and surgical anatomy and applications of the esophagus for benign and malignant processes are detailed in this article. Emphasis is placed on the role of embryology and the anatomy involved in surgical decisions.


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@article{Skandalakis2000EmbryologicAA, title={Embryologic and anatomic basis of esophageal surgery.}, author={John E. Skandalakis and Haley Ellis}, journal={The Surgical clinics of North America}, year={2000}, volume={80 1}, pages={85-155, x} }