Embodiment vs . Memetics : Does Language Need a Physical Plant ?

@inproceedings{Bryson2001EmbodimentV,
  title={Embodiment vs . Memetics : Does Language Need a Physical Plant ?},
  author={Joanna J Bryson},
  year={2001}
}
Although the embodied approach to AI has lead to a large number of advances in the field, there has been no convincing demonstration of one of its earliest promises: that it would solve semantic grounding. In this article, I argue that although physical embodiment no doubt plays a major role in human intelligence, it may not be a necessary attribute for artificial agents capable of participating as equals in our linguistic culture.