Embodied cognitive evolution and the cerebellum.

@article{Barton2012EmbodiedCE,
  title={Embodied cognitive evolution and the cerebellum.},
  author={Robert A. Barton},
  journal={Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences},
  year={2012},
  volume={367 1599},
  pages={2097-107}
}
Much attention has focused on the dramatic expansion of the forebrain, particularly the neocortex, as the neural substrate of cognitive evolution. However, though relatively small, the cerebellum contains about four times more neurons than the neocortex. I show that commonly used comparative measures such as neocortex ratio underestimate the contribution of the cerebellum to brain evolution. Once differences in the scaling of connectivity in neocortex and cerebellum are accounted for, a marked… CONTINUE READING
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