Embedding Values in Artificial Intelligence (AI) Systems

  title={Embedding Values in Artificial Intelligence (AI) Systems},
  author={Ibo van de Poel},
  journal={Minds Mach.},
  • I. Poel
  • Published 1 September 2020
  • Computer Science
  • Minds Mach.
Organizations such as the EU High-Level Expert Group on AI and the IEEE have recently formulated ethical principles and (moral) values that should be adhered to in the design and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI). These include respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, fairness, transparency, explainability, and accountability. But how can we ensure and verify that an AI system actually respects these values? To help answer this question, I propose an account for determining when an AI… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Value Engineering for Autonomous Agents – Position Paper
  • 2021
Ethics in Artificial Intelligence is a wide-ranging field which encompasses many open questions regarding the moral, legal and technical issues that arise with the use and design ofExpand
Public Procurement and Innovation for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence
IZA DP No. 14021 JANUARY 2021 Public Procurement and Innovation for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence The possible negative consequences of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have given rise to callsExpand
Computer Says I Don't Know: An Empirical Approach to Capture Moral Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
The reformulation of the metanormative framework is theory-rooted and practical in the sense that it avoids runtime issues in real time applications and highlights cases in which the AI Systems disagree about the policy to be chosen, thus illustrating the need to capture moral uncertainty in AI systems. Expand
Mapping value sensitive design onto AI for social good principles
This work proposes a threefold modified VSD approach, integrating a known set of VSD principles (AI4SG) as design norms from which more specific design requirements can be derived and extending the VSD process to encompass the whole life cycle of an AI technology to monitor unintended value consequences and redesign as needed. Expand
Ethics-Based Auditing of Automated Decision-Making Systems: Nature, Scope, and Limitations
This article considers the feasibility and efficacy of ethics-based auditing (EBA) as a governance mechanism that allows organisations to validate claims made about their ADMS and concludes that EBA should be considered an integral component of multifaced approaches to managing the ethical risks posed by ADMS. Expand
Responsibility Research for Trustworthy Autonomous Systems
It is argued that TAS requires operational tools to represent and reason about responsibilities of humans as well as AI agents, and for the application of multiagent responsibility models in a variety of TAS domains. Expand
Big Tech corporations and AI: A Social License to Operate and Multi- Stakeholder Partnerships in the Digital Age
The pervasiveness of AI-empowered technologies across multiple sectors has led to drastic changes concerning traditional social practices and how we relate to one another. Moreover, market-driven BigExpand
Dissecting scientific explanation in AI (sXAI): A case for medicine and healthcare
This article contributes to this debate by first distinguishing scientific XAI (sXAI) from other forms of XAI, and further advances the structure for bona fide sXAI, while remaining neutral regarding preferences for theories of explanations. Expand
Digital me ontology and ethics
It is argued that with the advancement of AI’s sciences and technologies, there exist two digital me thresholds: the first threshold defines digital me having some (rudimentarily) form of consciousness, free will, and intentionality and the second threshold assumes that digital me is equipped with moral learning capabilities. Expand
Mapping research strands of ethics of artificial intelligence in healthcare: A bibliometric and content analysis
This research aims to delineate the most influential elements of scientific research on AI ethics in healthcare by conducting bibliometric, social network analysis, and cluster-based content analysis of scientific articles. Expand


Ethics of artificial intelligence and robotics
Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are digital technologies that will have significant impact on the development of humanity in the near future. They have raised fundamental questions aboutExpand
Towards a Code of Ethics for Artificial Intelligence
  • P. Boddington
  • Computer Science
  • Artificial Intelligence: Foundations, Theory, and Algorithms
  • 2017
The challenges that arise in developing codes of ethics for artificial intelligence (AI) are discussed, including the usual disputes about how long it will be before it is with us, as well as disputes about whether the authors should welcome its arrival, and if so, why. Expand
Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems VIII
The question considered here is, what pathways, opportunities and challenges exist for the development, wider use and validation of COIN technologies to help realize socio-technical systems that better meet human requirements. Expand
Artificial Moral Agents: A Survey of the Current Status
A taxonomy to classify Artificial Moral Agents according to the strategies and criteria used to deal with ethical problems is proposed and it is illustrated that there is a long way to go before this type of artificial agent can replace human judgment in difficult, surprising or ambiguous moral situations. Expand
Machine Ethics: The Design and Governance of Ethical AI and Autonomous Systems
The so-called fourth industrial revolution and its economic and societal implications are no longer solely an academic concern, but a matter for political as well as public debate. Characterized asExpand
The Current State of Normative Agent-Based Systems
The intent of this paper is to introduce new researchers to the ideas that underlie normative computing and survey the existing state of the art, as well as provide direction for future research in normative multiagent computing. Expand
On the Morality of Artificial Agents
There is substantial and important scope, particularly in Computer Ethics, for the concept of moral agent not necessarily exhibiting free will, mental states or responsibility, as well as the extension of the class of agents and moral agents to embrace AAs. Expand
The ethics of designing artificial agents
It is demonstrated that an agent with an unmodifiable table, when viewed at LoA2, distinguishes an artificial agent from a human one, and supports the first counter-claim to Floridi and Sanders, namely, that such an agent is not a moral agent, and the designer bears full responsibility for its behavior. Expand
From Autonomous Systems to Sociotechnical Systems: Designing Effective Collaborations
Abstract Effectiveness in sociotechnical systems often depends on coordination among multiple agents (including both humans and autonomous technologies). This means that autonomous technologies mustExpand
Un-making artificial moral agents
Floridi and Sanders, seminal work, “On the morality of artificial agents” has catalyzed attention around the moral status of computer systems that perform tasks for humans, effectively acting asExpand