Elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions at square root(S)NN = 130 GeV.

@article{Ackermann2001EllipticFI,
  title={Elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions at square root(S)NN = 130 GeV.},
  author={Karin Ackermann and Nikki Adams and CanadaandS. Adler and Zubayer Ahammed and Shakeb Ahmad and Chris E. Allgower and J. Amsbaugh and Michael N Anderson and Endre Anderssen and Hilde Arnesen and Ludwig Arnold and G. S. Averichev and Andrew S Baldwin and J. T. Balewski and Olga Barannikova and Lee Barnby and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Baudot and M E Beddo and Selemon Bekele and V. V. Belaga and Rene Bellwied and Steven Bennett and Janet Bercovitz and J. O. Berger and W. Betts and H. Bichsel and F. S. Bieser and Leslie C. Bland and Michele M. Bloomer and C. O. Blyth and Julian Boehm and Barbara Bonner and Dimitri Bonnet and R. Bossingham and M. Botlo and A. Boucham and N Bouillo and S. Bouvier and K. Bradley and Fiona Brady and E S Braithwaite and W. J. Braithwaite and A. V. Brandin and Ross Levine Brown and G Brugalette and Christopher Byrd and Helen Caines and M Calder{\'o}n de la Barca S{\'a}nchez and Andr{\'e}s Zambrano C{\'a}rdenas and Lynn A. Carr and John O' Carroll and Javier Benitez Del Castillo and Beth Caylor and Daniel Cebra and S Chatopadhyay and Min Chen and Wenlei Chen and Y. Chen and S. P. Chernenko and Marianne Cherney and Alexei Chikanian and B. Choi and J. T. M. Chrin and W. F. Christie and James Coffin and L. Conin and Chiara Consiglio and T. M. Cormier and John Yinger Gerald B. Cramer and Helen Crawford and V. I. Danilov and David S. Dayton and M. Demello and Wei Deng and A. A. Derevschikov and Mano{\"e}l Dialinas and H Diaz and Paul A Deyoung and L I Didenko and Domenico A. Dimassimo and J Dioguardi and Wilhelm Dominik and C. Drancourt and Jason Draper and V. B. Dunin and Janet C. Dunlop and V L Eckardt and William R. Edwards and L. G. Efimov and Tobias Eggert and V. V. Emelianov and J. Engelage and G Y Eppley and B. Erazmus and Amit Etkin and Patricia Fachini and Catia Feliciano and Daniel Ferenc and Michael I. Ferguson and Henry E. Fessler and E. F. Finch and Valeri Fine and Y. V. Fisyak and D. Flierl and Iraima Flores and Kyle J. Foley and D. Fritz and Nikolai Gagunashvili and Jason Gans and Marek Gaździcki and Mark Germain and F. Geurts and Varand Ghazikhanian and C. Gojak and J. Grabski and O. A. Grachov and M. {\'A}ngela Grau and Dieter Greiner and L. Greiner and Vladimir Grigoriev and D. P. Grosnick and Joachim Gross and G. Guilloux and E. Gushin and J. Hall and Timothy J. Hallman and David Hardtke and GrahamM. Harper and Jack W. Harris and Ping He and Michelle Heffner and Steven Heppelmann and Timothy Herston and David Hill and B. Hippolyte and Andrew Hirsch and Emelie Hjort and Geoffrey W. Hoffmann and Matthew A. Horsley and Meghan Howe and Hsin-Ho Huang and Thomas J. Humanic and H. H{\"u}mmler and W. T. Hunt and J. B. Hunter and G J Igo and Anna Ishihara and Yu I Ivanshin and Peter T. Jacobs and Walter Jacobs and Shane Jacobson and R. C. Jared and Per Jensen and Ian G. Johnson and Peter Glynne ‐ Jones and E. G. Judd and Masashi Kaneta and Melike Kaplan and Declan Keane and V. P. Kenney and A. Khodinov and Jennifer L. Klay and S. R. Klein and Alexander Klyachko and Gregor Koehler and A. S. Konstantinov and V Kormilitsyne and L. M. Kotchenda and I Kotov and Alexander D Kovalenko and Michael Kramer and P. Ya. Kravtsov and Kirstin Kr{\"u}ger and T Krupien and P Kuczewski and Charlotte Friederike Kuhn and Gerd J. Kunde and Charles Kunz and R Kh Kutuev and Aleksandr A. Kuznetsov and L. Lakehal-Ayat and J. Lamas-Valverde and Matthew A. C. Lamont and J. M. Landgraf and S. M. ten Houte de Lange and Casey Lansdell and B. Lasiuk and Frank Laue and Alexei Lebedev and T. J. LeCompte and Wolfgang Leonhardt and Viktor Leontiev and Piotr Leszczynski and M J Levine and Qiuzi Li and Zhuxia Li and CJ. Liaw and Juhn-Jong Lin and Steven Lindenbaum and Volker Lindenstruth and Paulina. Lindstrom and M. A. Lisa and Hong Liu and T. A. Ljubi{\vc}i{\vc} and W. J. Llope and Gaspare LoCurto and Hunter Long and R. S. Longacre and M. L{\'o}pez-Noriega and D Lopiano and W. A. Love and J. R. Lutz and D. Student Lynn and L. Madansky and Ralf Maier and R. D. Majka and Aleksander Maliszewski and S P Margetis and Ken Marks and R Marstaller and Laure Martin and Josefine Marx and H. S. Matis and Yu A Matulenko and E A Matyushevski and Colm P McParland and Thomas McShane and Jeffrey Meier and Yu Melnick and A. P. Meschanin and P Middlekamp and N. E. Mikhalin and Brendan A. Miller and Z. Milosevich and Nikita Minaev and B. Minor and Jeremy S. Mitchell and E Mogavero and Vladimir Moiseenko and D. M. Moltz and Catherine F. Moore and Vladimir Morozov and Robert Morse and Marina Matos de Moura and Marcelo Munhoz and G. S. Mutchler and Jonathan M. Nelson and P. Nevski and Tu Ngo and Matthew Ba Nguyen and To{\`a}n Nguy{\^e}n and Vladyslav Nikitin and L. V. Nogach and T Noggle and B. D. Norman and Sandibek Nurushev and Tamar Nussbaum and Joakim Nystrand and Grazyna Odyniec and Akio Ogawa and Craig A. Ogilvie and Konstantin Olchanski and Mats Oldenburg and David Olson and G. A. Ososkov and Greg Ott and D Padrazo and Guy Pa{\'i}c and Shubham Pandey and Yu Panebratsev and Sergey Panitkin and A. I. Pavlinov and Thorsten Pawlak and M. Pentia and V Perevotchikov and W. Peryt and Vladimir A. Petrov and W. Pinganaud and Sergey Pirogov and E. Platner and John Pluta and I J Polk and N. T. Porile and J. Porter and Arthur m. Poskanzer and E. Potrebenikova and D. Prindle and Claude A. Pruneau and J Puskar-Pasewicz and Gitanjali Rai and Jean-Paul Rasson and Olivier Ravel and Ram L. Ray and Sergey V Razin and Daniel Reichhold and Jeffrey G. Reid and R E Renfordt and Fabrice Reti{\`e}re and A. Ridiger and J Riso and H. G. Ritter and J. Brent Roberts and Dieter R{\"o}hrich and O. V. Rogachevski and Jos{\'e} L. Romero and Christelle Roy and Detlef Russ and Vladimir Rykov and Iwona Sakrejda and Raul S{\'a}nchez and Z Sandler and Jack Sandweiss and P Sappenfield and A. C. Saulys and Igor Savin and Joachim Schambach and Rolf P. Scharenberg and J Scheblien and Raymond W. Scheetz and R E Schlueter and Norbert Schmitz and Lorraine Schroeder and Michael Schulz and A. Schuettauf and Josef Sedlmeir and Janet Seger and Dima Seliverstov and Janet Seyboth and Peter Seyboth and Richard Seymour and E I Shakaliev and K. E. Shestermanov and Yipeng Shi and S. S. Shimanskii and Derek Shuman and V. S. Shvetcov and G. P. {\vS}koro and Nikolai Smirnov and L P Smykov and R. J. M. Snellings and Keith Solberg and James Sowinski and H. M. Spinka and B. Srivastava and Evelyn Stephenson and Reinhard Stock and A. Stolpovsky and Nicholas Stone and Richard Stone and M. N. Strikhanov and B. C. Stringfellow and Hubert Str{\"o}bele and Chr. Struck and Alexandre Alarcon Suaide and E M Sugarbaker and Colby Suire and T. James M. Symons and Jun Takahashi and Anthony P H Tang and A. Tarchini and J Tarzian and J. H. Thomas and Vladimir Tikhomirov and A Szanto de Toledo and S. Tonse and Thomas A. Trainor and S. Trentalange and Mikhail P. Tokarev and Martje Tonjes and Viktor Trofimov and Oliver Tsai and Kimberly L. Turner and Thomas Ullrich and D. G. Underwood and Igor Vakula and G. Van Buren and A. M. Vandermolen and A. Vanyashin and I. M. Vasilevski and Alexandre N. Vasiliev and Stephen Vigdor and Gerard C Visser and Sergei A. Voloshin and Choua Vu and Fa Xiang Wang and Henry N. Ward and D. D. Weerasundara and R Weidenbach and Randy Wells and Torre J. Wenaus and G. D. Westfall and James F. Whitfield and Claudia Whitten and H M Wieman and Richard Willson and Kevin A. Wilson and Jonas Wirth and Jack Wisdom and Scott W. Wissink and Ron Witt and Joe Wolf and Lesli Wood and N N Xu and Z. Z. Xu and A. E. Yakutin and Etsuji Yamamoto and J Yang and Pablo P. Yepes and A. Yokosawa and Vladimir Yurevich and Y. V. Zanevski and Jiandi Zhang and Wei Ming Zhang and J. Zhu and Deborah K Zimmerman and R. Zoulkarneev and Andrei Zubarev},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2001},
  volume={86 3},
  pages={402-7}
}
Elliptic flow from nuclear collisions is a hadronic observable sensitive to the early stages of system evolution. We report first results on elliptic flow of charged particles at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at square root(S)NN = 130 GeV using the STAR Time Projection Chamber at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The elliptic flow signal, v2, averaged over transverse momentum, reaches values of about 6% for relatively peripheral collisions and decreases for the more central collisions… CONTINUE READING