Elites, Single Parties and Political Decision-making in Fascist-era Dictatorships

@article{Pinto2002ElitesSP,
  title={Elites, Single Parties and Political Decision-making in Fascist-era Dictatorships},
  author={Ant{\'o}nio Costa Pinto},
  journal={Contemporary European History},
  year={2002},
  volume={11},
  pages={429 - 454}
}
  • A. Pinto
  • Published 31 July 2002
  • Political Science
  • Contemporary European History
This article considers four dictatorships that have each been associated with European fascism: Portuguese Salazarism, Spanish Francoism, Italian Fascism and German National Socialism. It seeks to ascertain the ‘locus’ of political decision-making authority, the composition and the recruitment channels of the dictatorships' ministerial elites during the fascist era. The interaction between the single party, the government, the state apparatus and civil society appears fundamental if we are to… 

Ministers and Regimes in Spain: From the First to the Second Restoration, 1874-2002

Abstract This contribution studies the composition of the Spanish cabinet elites through different political regimes and transition periods, those regimes including a constitutional monarchy, two

Conclusion: Fascism, Dictators and Charisma

government underEamon de Valera; Iceland, which was occupied by ‘friendly’ British and Americanforces; Switzerland, which was under heavy pressure to restrict political free-doms so as not to not

Political decision-making in the Portuguese New State (1933–39): The dictator, the council of ministers and the inner-circle

This article seeks to contribute to the study of political centralisation in Portugal under Salazar, focusing on the Council of Ministers and its decision-making role and exploring the links between

Ministers and Regimes in Spain: From First to Second Restoration, 1874-2001. CES Working Paper, no. 101, 2003

This paper studies the composition of the Spanish cabinet elites through different political regimes and transition periods, those regimes including a constitutional monarchy, two democracies, two

‘Chaos’ and ‘Order’: Preto, Salazar and Charismatic Appeal in Inter‐war Portugal

This excessive praise for Antonio Salazar by a priest may express the classic triangle of a charismatic juncture, yet it dates from a moment in which Salazar was already leader of the Portuguese

The Fascist elites, government and the Grand Council

The aim of this article is to analyse the composition of the Italian political elite during the 21-year Fascist regime (1922-43). Even today the writings on the subject, which have always been

Der »Große Krieg« als Beginn: das Verhältnis zwischen traditionalen Ordnungs konzepten, Faschismus und Autoritarismus

Abstract The First World War led to a profound social and political mobilization as well as a radicalization that fuelled unrest and ultimately nourished fascism and communism. Yet it also gave rise

The Institutionalisation of Squadrismo: Disciplining Paramilitary Violence in the Italian Fascist Dictatorship

Abstract This article argues that squadrismo represented a central feature in the ideology and politics of Fascist Italy, influencing the whole period of the dictatorship. In the second half of the

A New Consensus? Recent Research on Fascism in Europe, 1918–1945*

The article surveys historical research on European fascism since the 1980s. On the basis of some general considerations on the fruitfulness of theories of fascism as well as on the exhaustive

Beyond the 'imperial mystique' : empire and national identity in the Portuguese Estado Novo (c. 1930-1951)

Whilst being a period of consolidation for the Portuguese right-wing dictatorship known as Estado Novo, the 1930s and 1940s were marked by geopolitical change and major redefinition of mental maps

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES

The Five Stages of Fascism*

  • R. Paxton
  • Art
    The Journal of Modern History
  • 1998
At first sight, nothing seems easier to understand than fascism. It presents itself to us in crude, primary images: a chauvinist demagogue haranguing an ecstatic crowd; disciplined ranks of marching

Fascism, National Socialism and Conservatives in Europe, 1914-1945: Issues for Comparativists

  • C. Levy
  • Sociology
    Contemporary European History
  • 1999
This article reviews recent literature on comparative fascism. It first examines the definition of fascism (the fascist minimum). The discussion of comparative fascism that follows focuses on the

Getting Mad or Going Mad? Citizens, Scarcity and the Breakdown of Democracy in Interwar Europe

In 1920, twenty-six out of twenty-eight European states were parliamentary democracies. By 1938, thirteen of these democracies had become dictatorships. This essay is about why these regimes broke

The Hitler State: The Foundation and Development of the Internal Structure of the Third Reich

Interpretative study of the Hitler state now available in English. An important contribution to the study of totalitarian states.

The ‘Regime-Model’ of Fascism: A Typology

The history of interwar European fascism has been marked by the efforts of all indigenous fascist movements to achieve ideological novelty, social appeal and eventually political supremacy. In this

Mussolini and the state apparatus, see David D. Roberts, The Syndicalist Tradition and Italian Fascism (Chapel Hill:The University of

  • For examples of the tensions between Rossoni, Co®ndustria
  • 1979

The Structure and Pratice of National Socialism

  • 1942