Elite Opinion Differences and Partisanship in Congressional Foreign Policy, 1975-1996

  title={Elite Opinion Differences and Partisanship in Congressional Foreign Policy, 1975-1996},
  author={Mark Souva and David W. Rohde},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  pages={113 - 123}
Why are some foreign policy votes partisan and others bipartisan? The authors argue that an electoral connection drives partisanship in congressional foreign policy voting. Members of Congress depend on core supporters for mobilization and money, and primary voters are likely to follow the opinion cues of partisan elites; as a result, when Republican and Democratic opinion elites hold more distinct views on an issue, one may expect to observe more partisan behavior in Congress on both low and… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Beyond party: ideological convictions and foreign policy conflicts in the US congress
Recent work finds evidence that partisan calculations, not ideological preferences, drive congressional decisions on foreign policy. While legislators support the wars launched by their party’s
Chapter 4: Presidential Influence versus Congressional Control in Action
How important is the President for US foreign policy? Studies in American politics—the Two Presidencies literature—assert that the president is much less constrained by Congress and other domestic
Bipartisanship in a Polarized Age: The U.S. Congress and Foreign Policy Sanctions
Rising partisanship and ideological polarization are defining features of contemporary American politics, but relatively little attention has been given to how this growing polarization and
From State Foreign Policy to Strategic Interaction
For more than two generations, studies linking domestic political unrest with foreign policy behavior have been beset by inconsistent findings and consistent revision. In this project, I ask the
Structured-Induced Deference or Equal and Coordinate Actor: Congressional Influence on American Foreign Policy
  • E. Svensen
  • Political Science
    American Politics Research
  • 2018
Perhaps no separation of powers issue receives as much scholarly attention as the near monopoly modern presidents exert over foreign policy. Yet, despite an extensive literature on the subject,
The impact of party conflict on executive ascendancy and congressional abdication in US foreign policy
The Constitution’s division of powers from which E. Corwin famously asserted an “invitation to struggle” in the making of US foreign policy (1957, 171) has become overshadowed by partisan conflict in
Problems, Politics, and Policy Streams: A Reconsideration US Foreign Aid Behavior toward Africa
This article is designed to explore the usefulness of an alternative conceptualization of the foreign assistance policy process. The common assumption is that US foreign aid outputs are rationally
To What Extent Is Foreign Policy Shaped by Institutions
Foreign policy decisions are always made within an institutional framework, which shapes actors’ preferences and behavior. This is one of FPA’s most firmly established observations. Since the
Civil War and Foreign Influence
We study a symmetric information bargaining model of civil war where a third (foreign) party can affect the probabilities of winning the conflict and the size of the post conflict spoils. We show
Foreign policy, bipartisanship and the paradox of post-September 11 America
The attacks of September 11 and the resulting war on terrorism present a puzzle to conventional explanations of foreign policy bipartisanship. Public anxiety about the international environment


Bipartisanship, Partisanship, and Ideology in Congressional-Executive Foreign Policy Relations, 1947-1988
This paper examines two perspectives on the nature of congressional-executive relations in the making of American foreign policy: the bipartisan perspective, which says that politics stops at the
At the Water's Edge
This research evaluates two different perspectives on congressional-executive relations across four major foreign policy issue areas using congressional voting from 1947 to 1988. Both a bipartisan
Foreign Affairs and Issue Voting: Do Presidential Candidates “Waltz Before a Blind Audience?”.
VWhile candidates regularly spend much time and effort campaigning on foreign and defense policies, the thrust of prevailing scholarly opinion is that voters possess little information and weak
Policy Voting in the U.S. Senate: Who Is Represented?
This study develops new state-level measures of mass and party elite ideology to assess senatorial responsiveness to different constituencies. The ideological preferences of two groups-independent
Activists and Partisan Realignment in the United States
In this paper, we contend that party realignments occur due to the interaction of candidates and activists. We examine independent party candidates who are motivated primarily to win elections but
Defining the American Public Opinion/ Foreign Policy Nexus
This article provides an overview of a broad range of literatures in the development of a framework that specifies the role of public opinion in U.S. foreign policy. Normally, public opinion is
Ideological Realignment in the U.S. Electorate
Using data from the 1976-1994 American National Election Studies and the 1992-94 ANES panel survey, this paper demonstrates that the outcomes of the 1994 and 1996 elections reflected a long-term
Presidential Support in Congress: Conflict and Consensus on Foreign and Defense Policy
In a recent article appearing in The Journal of Politics, McCormick and Wittkopf (1990) argue that the Vietnam War did not exercise a significant impact on bipartisan presidential support in the U.S.
Parties and leaders in the postreform house
Since the Second World War, congressional parties have been characterized as declining in strength and influence. Research has generally attributed this decline to policy conflicts within parties, to
Issue Evolution, Population Replacement, and Normal Partisan Change
Students of American political behavior have usually turned to "critical election" realignment theories to explain the dynamics of long-term change in the party system. These theories are problematic