Elite Conflict, Compromise, and Enduring Authoritarianism: Polarization in Zimbabwe, 1980–2008

@article{Lebas2018EliteCC,
  title={Elite Conflict, Compromise, and Enduring Authoritarianism: Polarization in Zimbabwe, 1980–2008},
  author={Adrienne Lebas and Ngonidzashe Munemo},
  journal={The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science},
  year={2018},
  volume={681},
  pages={209 - 226}
}
How do elites play a role in crafting polarization? And what effects do elite-led conflicts have on democracy and mass politics? To examine these questions, we compare two separate episodes of party-based polarization in Zimbabwe, from 1980 to 1987 and from 2000 to 2008. Each of these moments of polarization ended in an elite power-sharing settlement, but a comparison of the two moments yields insights about both the causes of polarization and its effects. We find that the episodes of… Expand
Pernicious polarization, autocratization and opposition strategies
ABSTRACT “Pernicious polarization” – the division of society into mutually distrustful Us versus Them camps in which political identity becomes a social identity – fosters autocratization byExpand
Political conflict and community health in Zimbabwe: Health professionals’ perspectives
Background: Politics is a major determinant of community’s access to health. The right to access to health for communities and individuals has been recognised as vital by international bodies andExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Polarization and the Global Crisis of Democracy: Common Patterns, Dynamics, and Pernicious Consequences for Democratic Polities
This article argues that a common pattern and set of dynamics characterizes severe political and societal polarization in different contexts around the world, with pernicious consequences forExpand
Nationalist politics in Zimbabwe: the 1980 elections and beyond
This study of the February 1980 Zimbabwe elections which preceded Independence is not so much concerned with the administrative conduct of the elections, nor the charges of manipulation. Rather itExpand
Polarizing Figures: Executive Power and Institutional Conflict in Asian Democracies
Polarization does not necessarily pit left against right, rich against poor, secular against religious, or ethnicity against ethnicity. Rather than polarizing along deep social or ideologicalExpand
Can Polarization Be Positive? Conflict and Institutional Development in Africa
Can political polarization, typically viewed as detrimental for political development, have positive effects on institution-building and democratization in the long run? This article argues that theExpand
'Dissident Perspectives on Zimbabwe's Post-Independence War'
A much neglected perspective on Zimbabwe's post-independence war is that held by its insurgents, the so-called dissidents. The experience of dissidents has been little explored, in part because ofExpand
A New Twilight in Zimababwe: The Perils of Power Sharing
Abstract:So far, most analyses of Zimbabwe’s 2013 elections have focused more on whether the contests were rigged than on why four years of power sharing failed to level the electoral playing field.Expand
ZANU(PF) strategies in general elections, 1980–2000: Discourse and coercion
For many analysts, the general election campaign in 2000 showed a new face of the ruling party, ZANU(PF). Against the new opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change, ZANU(PF) engaged inExpand
Polarization, Horizontal Inequalities and Violent Civil Conflict
Recent large-N studies of civil war conclude that inequality does not increase the risk of violent conflict. This article argues that such conclusions may be premature because these studies, whichExpand
The ‘Hardcore’ Student Activist: The Zimbabwe National Students Union (ZINASU), State Violence, and Frustrated Masculinity, 2000–2008
Studies of the politics and history of Zimbabwe since independence have neglected the significant role played by student activists. This article explores why and how this group of educated youth, whoExpand
‘Nothing is Straight in Zimbabwe’: The Rise of the Kukiya-kiya Economy 2000–2008
This article examines the development of what I term the ‘kukiya-kiya’ economy, a new logic of economic action in post-2000 Zimbabwe. In local parlance ‘kukiya-kiya’ refers to multiple forms ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...