Elite Conflict, Compromise, and Enduring Authoritarianism: Polarization in Zimbabwe, 1980–2008

@article{Lebas2019EliteCC,
  title={Elite Conflict, Compromise, and Enduring Authoritarianism: Polarization in Zimbabwe, 1980–2008},
  author={A. Lebas and Ngonidzashe Munemo},
  journal={The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science},
  year={2019},
  volume={681},
  pages={209 - 226}
}
How do elites play a role in crafting polarization? And what effects do elite-led conflicts have on democracy and mass politics? To examine these questions, we compare two separate episodes of party-based polarization in Zimbabwe, from 1980 to 1987 and from 2000 to 2008. Each of these moments of polarization ended in an elite power-sharing settlement, but a comparison of the two moments yields insights about both the causes of polarization and its effects. We find that the episodes of… Expand
Pernicious polarization, autocratization and opposition strategies
ABSTRACT “Pernicious polarization” – the division of society into mutually distrustful Us versus Them camps in which political identity becomes a social identity – fosters autocratization byExpand
Political conflict and community health in Zimbabwe: Health professionals’ perspectives
Background: Politics is a major determinant of community’s access to health. The right to access to health for communities and individuals has been recognised as vital by international bodies andExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 14 REFERENCES
Polarization and the Global Crisis of Democracy: Common Patterns, Dynamics, and Pernicious Consequences for Democratic Polities
This article argues that a common pattern and set of dynamics characterizes severe political and societal polarization in different contexts around the world, with pernicious consequences forExpand
Nationalist politics in Zimbabwe: the 1980 elections and beyond
This study of the February 1980 Zimbabwe elections which preceded Independence is not so much concerned with the administrative conduct of the elections, nor the charges of manipulation. Rather itExpand
Polarizing Figures: Executive Power and Institutional Conflict in Asian Democracies
Polarization does not necessarily pit left against right, rich against poor, secular against religious, or ethnicity against ethnicity. Rather than polarizing along deep social or ideologicalExpand
Can Polarization Be Positive? Conflict and Institutional Development in Africa
Can political polarization, typically viewed as detrimental for political development, have positive effects on institution-building and democratization in the long run? This article argues that theExpand
A New Twilight in Zimababwe: The Perils of Power Sharing
Abstract:So far, most analyses of Zimbabwe’s 2013 elections have focused more on whether the contests were rigged than on why four years of power sharing failed to level the electoral playing field.Expand
ZANU(PF) strategies in general elections, 1980–2000: Discourse and coercion
For many analysts, the general election campaign in 2000 showed a new face of the ruling party, ZANU(PF). Against the new opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change, ZANU(PF) engaged inExpand
Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and Civil Wars
This paper analyzes the relationship between ethnic fractionalization, polarization, and conflict. In recent years many authors have found empirical evidence that ethnic fractionalization has aExpand
The Politics of Disruption: War Veterans and the Local State In Zimbabwe
This article is about war veterans' recent assault on the local state in Zimbabwe. From February 2001, veterans stormed local authorities in districts where the political opposition had strongExpand
The Maidan and Beyond: The Media’s Role
Abstract:Media, both new and traditional and both Russian and Ukrainian, played a major role in the EuroMaidan story from the very outset. On 16 January 2014, parliament passed the infamousExpand
Racial Orders in American Political Development
American political science has long struggled to deal adequately with issues of race. Many studies inaccurately treat their topics as unrelated to race. Many studies of racial issues lack clearExpand
...
1
2
...