• Corpus ID: 31399419

Eliminating disparities in HIV disease: community mobilization to prevent HIV transmission among Black and Hispanic young adults in Broward County, Florida.

  title={Eliminating disparities in HIV disease: community mobilization to prevent HIV transmission among Black and Hispanic young adults in Broward County, Florida.},
  author={William W. Darrow and Julie E Montanea and Paula Beatriz Fernandez and Ula F Zucker and Dionne P. Stephens and Hugh Gladwin},
  journal={Ethnicity \& disease},
  volume={14 3 Suppl 1},
A coalition led by public health professionals adopted the PRECEDE-PROCEED model for community planning and health promotion to eliminate local disparities in HIV disease. Discussion groups and other formative evaluation activities conducted during the first year of the project maximized input from community members and community-based organizations. Twelve of 53 ZIP-code areas, which accounted for 73% of reported AIDS cases among Black and Hispanic young adults (18 to 39 years) from 1994… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

HIV Risk Reduction among Young Minority Adults in Broward County
HIV-prevention programs should consider locally collected data; take into account cultural, living situation, and other significant differences; and be evaluated to assess differentiated impact.
Coalition Contract Management as a Systems Change Strategy for HIV Prevention
Although the coalition met many of its objectives, the introduction and enforcement of a mutually agreed on set of rules and obligations as a way of promoting systems change in Broward County failed to make a lasting impact among community partners.
The intent of this special issue is to demonstrate the critical role that community-based participatory public health research plays in creating the evidence base for action to eliminate disparities.
AIDS-Related Stigma Among Black and Hispanic Young Adults
A cross-sectional computer-assisted telephone-interview survey was conducted with African-American, Afro-Caribbean, Haitian, and Hispanic 18–39 year-old residents of 12 high AIDS-incidence areas in Broward County, Florida, finding AIDS-related stigma was associated with never receiving an HIV-antibody test.
Community coalition-driven interventions to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic minority populations.
Evidence in this review shows that interventions led by community coalitions may connect health and human service providers with ethnic and racial minority communities in ways that benefit individual health outcomes and behaviors, as well as care delivery systems.
Empowering Promotores de Salud to Engage in Community-Based Participatory Research
The study demonstrated the feasibility of recruiting and engaging promotores to identify health priorities within the Latino community and how this initial step will inform the development of future community-based interventions.
The First 40 Years of AIDS: Promising Programs, Limited Success
Biomedical interventions were prioritized over behavioral interventions and have dominated attempts in the fourth decade to integrate biomedical, behavioral, and structural interventions into coherent, efficient, and cost-effective programs to end AIDS.
Advancing HIV/AIDS prevention among American Indians through capacity building and the community readiness model.
The article will demonstrate the importance of developing strategies consistent with readiness levels for more cost-effective and successful prevention efforts.
The REACH 2010 Logic Model: An Illustration of Expected Performance
The CDC is relying on REACH 2010 grantees to provide credible evidence that explains how community contributions have changed conditions and behaviors, thus leading to the reduction and elimination of health disparities.


HIV prevention community planning and communities of color: do resources track the epidemic?
It is argued that relatively small changes in counseling and testing resources for African-American and Latino/Latina communities would result in a close match between AIDS prevalence data and devoted resources.
Rapid assessment of the HIV/AIDS crisis in racial and ethnic minority communities: an approach for timely community interventions.
Data from the first 3 eligible cities provided critical information about changing the dynamics of the HIV/AIDS epidemic at the local level, including program and policy changes and infrastructure redeployment targeted at the most serious social and environmental conditions.
AIDS prevention struggles in ethnocultural neighborhoods: why research partnerships with community based organizations can't wait.
  • H. Stevenson, J. J. White
  • Medicine
    AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
  • 1994
Barriers identified as most problematic include insufficient funds, lack of culturally relevant materials, denial of the epidemic in minority communities, distrust of majority culture institutions, and myths/beliefs regarding AIDS contraction, transmission, and origin.
Community planning: A national strategy to improve HIV prevention programs
The principles and logistics of HIV Prevention Community Planning are described, the potential program benefits of this new undertaking are identified, and implementation challenges are described.
Year one of HIV prevention community planning: a national perspective on accomplishments, challenges, and future directions.
Year one accomplishments and difficulties are reviewed, the trajectory of HIV prevention community planning for year two and beyond is described, and the most important principles for the implementation of successful HIV prevention programs are addressed.
Prioritization methods for HIV community planning.
The methods described here are meant to assist CPGs in the difficult prioritization task by helping CPG members organize their thoughts in the prioritization process.
Evaluation of 37 AIDS Prevention Projects: Successful Approaches and Barriers to Program Effectiveness
Results from a survey of the 37 projects that contained a substantial prevention effort are presented and qualitative data from in-depth site visits to 12 projects are embellished with recommendations to guide the development and delivery of future community-based AIDS prevention projects.
HIV Prevention Research for African Americans: Current and Future Directions
African Americans experience HIV and AIDS at a rate 10 times greater than the U.S. White population. Although there have been advances in HIV risk-reduction strategies, these efforts have not been as
An overview of the effectiveness and efficiency of HIV prevention programs.
General characteristics of successful HIV prevention programs, programs empirically evaluated and found to change (or not change) high-risk behaviors or in need of further empirical study, and economic evaluations of certain programs are described and summarized.
Health Promotion at the Community Level: New Advances
This chapter discusses advances in theory and practice in community health promotion, as well as current opportunities and programs in health promotion in the Nordic and Related Countries.