Eliminating Uncertainty in Market Access: The Impact of New Bridges in Rural Nicaragua

@inproceedings{Brooks2017EliminatingUI,
  title={Eliminating Uncertainty in Market Access: The Impact of New Bridges in Rural Nicaragua},
  author={Wyatt Brooks and Kevin F. Donovan},
  year={2017}
}
We estimate the impact of new bridges in rural Nicaraguan villages facing seasonal floods that unpredictably eliminate access to outside markets. We collect detailed annual household surveys over three years and conduct weekly telephone followups with a subset of households for sixty-four weeks, both before and after construction. This information is collected in villages where bridges are built, and in comparable villages where no bridge was built for only engineering-related reasons. We find… 
Measuring Trade Cost Reductions Through a New Bridge in Mozambique: Who Benefits From Transport Infrastructure?
  • W. Zant
  • Economics
    Journal of African Economies
  • 2021
We use spatial maize prices in Mozambique to measure transport cost reductions, attribute these reductions to road distance and road quality and assess to what extent producers, traders and
Effects of Emigration on Rural Labor Markets
Rural to urban migration is an integral part of the development process, but there is little evidence on how out-migration transforms rural labor markets. Emigration could benefit landless village
Bridges Revision : April 2019
We use spatial maize prices to estimate to what extent bridges in Mozambique lead to transport cost reductions and attribute these reductions to road distance and road quality. The applied
Market Access, Trade Costs, and Technology Adoption: Evidence from Northern Tanzania
In this paper, we quantify market access in rural Tanzania, and the extent to which it constrains agricultural productivity. We collect granular data on farmer input and sales decisions, input and
The Rise of Agribusiness and the Distributional Consequences of Policies on Intermediated Trade
Policies to encourage agribusinesses-led development of crop markets are high on the agenda of many policy-makers. Since the 1980s, several countries have moved to a model in which agribusinesses
Rural Infrastructure Development and Economic Activity∗
There is universal consensus that physical infrastructure investments are important for economic growth. However, estimating their causal effects has remained challenging, especially in rural
Complementarities in Infrastructure: Evidence from Rural India
Complementarities between infrastructure projects have been understudied. Our paper examines interactions in the impacts of large-scale road construction, electrification, and mobile phone coverage
The Welfare Effects of Encouraging Rural-Urban Migration
This paper studies the welfare effects of encouraging rural-urban migration in the developing world. To do so, we build a dynamic incomplete-markets model of migration in which heterogeneous agents
THE RISE OF AGRIBUSINESSES AND ITS DISTRIBUTIONAL CONSEQUENCES
Crops are often modelled as homogenous products that are exchanged in perfectly competitive markets. While this may be true of world commodity markets, smallholder farmers face high trade barriers in
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
Market Access and Structural Transformation: Evidence from Rural Roads in India∗
More than one billion people worldwide live in rural areas without access to the paved road network. How does the lack of such infrastructure affect rural employment and economic outcomes? We
Effects of Emigration on Rural Labor Markets
Rural to urban migration is an integral part of the development process, but there is little evidence on how out-migration transforms rural labor markets. Emigration could benefit landless village
Under-Investment in a Profitable Technology: The Case of Seasonal Migration in Bangladesh
Hunger during pre-harvest lean seasons is widespread in the agrarian areas of Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. We randomly assign an $8.50 incentive to households in rural Bangladesh to temporarily
Seasonal Credit Constraints and Agricultural Labor Supply: Evidence from Zambia
Small-scale farming remains the primary source of income for a majority of the population in developing countries. While most farmers primarily work on their own fields, off-farm labor is common
Seasonal Liquidity, Rural Labor Markets and Agricultural Production
Many rural households in low and middle income countries continue to rely on small-scale agriculture as their primary source of income. In the absence of irrigation, income arrives only once or twice
Railroads of the Raj: Estimating the Impact of Transportation Infrastructure
How large are the benefits of transportation infrastructure projects, and what explains these benefits? To shed new light on these questions, I collect archival data from colonial India and use it to
Selling Formal Insurance to the Informally Insured
Unpredictable rainfall is an important risk for agricultural activity, and farmers in developing countries often receive incomplete insurance from informal risk-sharing networks. We study the demand
Agricultural Decisions after Relaxing Credit and Risk Constraints
The investment decisions of small-scale farmers in developing countries are conditioned by their financial environment. Binding credit market constraints and incomplete insurance can reduce
Chinese Roads in India: The Effect of Transport Infrastructure on Economic Development
This paper uses a general equilibrium framework as in Eaton and Kortum (2002) to estimate the contribution of transport infrastructure to regional development. I apply the analysis to India, a
...
1
2
3
4
5
...