Elicitors, effectors, and R genes: the new paradigm and a lifetime supply of questions.

@article{Bent2007ElicitorsEA,
  title={Elicitors, effectors, and R genes: the new paradigm and a lifetime supply of questions.},
  author={Andrew F Bent and David Mackey},
  journal={Annual review of phytopathology},
  year={2007},
  volume={45},
  pages={
          399-436
        }
}
The plant basal immune system can detect broadly present microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs, also called PAMPs) and induce defenses, but adapted microbes express a suite of effector proteins that often act to suppress these defenses. Plants have evolved other receptors (R proteins) that detect these pathogen effectors and activate strong defenses. Pathogens can subsequently alter or delete their recognized effectors to avoid defense elicitation, at risk of a fitness cost associated… CONTINUE READING

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