Elevation of circulating monitor peptide/pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor-I (PSTI-61) after turpentine-induced inflammation in rats: hepatocytes produce it as an acute phase reactant.

Abstract

Monitor peptide (MP) is a trypsin-sensitive cholecystokinin (CCK)-releasing peptide purified from rat pancreatic juice on the basis of its stimulatory activity toward pancreatic enzyme secretion and has been reported to exhibit cell growth-stimulating activity. Pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) prevents premature activation of trypsinogen in the pancreatic duct. There are two PSTIs (PSTI-61 and -56) purified from rat pancreatic juice on the basis of trypsin inhibitory activity as reported previously. Fushiki et al. (1989, FASEB J. 3, 121) showed that MP is structurally the same peptide as PSTI-61. We measured the serial changes of circulating MP/PSTI-61 in rat and those in the level of PSTI-61 mRNA in the rat liver to investigate another novel role of this peptide in the turpentine-induced acute inflammation model. The elevation of serum MP/PSTI-61 as well as the alpha 2-globulin fraction, which is known to include several acute phase reactants such as alpha 2-macroglobulin and haptoglobin, was observed after induction of the turpentine inflammation. The serum alpha 2-globulin fraction had increased approximately 3-fold over the initial level at 48 hr after the injection. In contrast, serum MP/PSTI-61 had increased approximately 17-fold over the initial level at 48 hr after the injection. The elevation of circulating MP/PSTI-61 was significantly related with that of the alpha 2-globulin fraction (r = 0.91, P < 0.01). Immunoreactive MP/PSTI-61 was detected in the liver after induction of the inflammation (152.5 +/- 16.5 ng/g wet weight), but in the normal rat liver there was no immunoreactive MP/PSTI-61.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Uda1994ElevationOC, title={Elevation of circulating monitor peptide/pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor-I (PSTI-61) after turpentine-induced inflammation in rats: hepatocytes produce it as an acute phase reactant.}, author={Keisuke Uda and Akihiro Murata and Junichi Nishijima and Shoichi Doi and Naruya Tomita and M Ogawa and Takashi Mori}, journal={The Journal of surgical research}, year={1994}, volume={57 5}, pages={563-8} }