Effects of Cannabinoids on the Immune System and Central Nervous System
An isotopic dilution procedure using specific prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) brain receptors was utilized to determine the changes in brain PGE2 levels subsequent to drug exposure. Delta-1-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 1-THC) stimulated PGE2 synthesis resulting in increased brain concentrations when compared with vehicle treated rats and mice. Indomethacin markedly inhibited the delta 1-THC elevated rise in PGE2 levels presumably by inhibition of prostaglandin synthetase. The delta 1-THC-induced increase in PGE2 brain levels was also suppressed by i.v. administered rabbit PGE2-antiserum. This suggests that one of the sites of delta 1-THC action is extracerebral and from here a portion of the released prostaglandins are transported to the brain. These results add further support to previous data that delta 1-THC given orally results in an increase in brain PGE2 levels.