Elevation of Urinary Norepinephrine/Cortisol Ratio in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

@article{Mason1988ElevationOU,
  title={Elevation of Urinary Norepinephrine/Cortisol Ratio in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder},
  author={J. Mason and E. Giller and T. Kosten and L. Harkness},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  year={1988},
  volume={176},
  pages={498-502}
}
We have previously reported the unusual combination of low urinary free cortisol levels with high urinary norepinephrine excretion in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients in comparison with four other patient groups: major depressive disorder, endogenous type; bipolar I, manic; paranoid schizophrenia; undifferentiated schizophrenia. Cortisol levels alone did not distinguish PTSD from paranoid schizophrenia patients and norepinephrine levels alone did not distinguish PTSD from bipolar I… Expand
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