Elevated systolic blood pressure after trauma: tolerated in the elderly.

Abstract

BACKGROUND We undertook the current study to determine the impact of elevated admission systolic blood pressure (SBP) on trauma patients without severe brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of the Los Angeles County Trauma System database to identify all patients with moderate to severe injuries (injury severity score >9) admitted between 2003 and 2008. Patients with head abbreviated injury score >3 were excluded. We divided the remaining patients into three age cohorts and conducted multivariate regression modeling at increasing SBP thresholds to identify independent predictors of mortality. RESULTS A total of 23,931 patients met inclusion criteria. Overall mortality was 8.6% and it increased with age across the three groups. The admission SBP thresholds associated with significantly increased mortality in the young and middle-aged were >190 mm Hg (AOR 1.5, P = 0.04) and >180 mm Hg (AOR 1.5, P = 0.01), respectively. In the elderly, no admission SBP threshold was associated with significantly increased mortality. Interestingly, several elevated admission SBP thresholds were associated with significantly reduced mortality in the elderly (>150 mm Hg AOR 0.6, P < 0.01; >160 mm Hg AOR 0.6, P < 0.01; and >170 mm Hg AOR 0.7, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS The admission SBP thresholds that predicted higher mortality for the young and middle-aged were >190 mm Hg and >180 mm Hg, respectively. Elderly trauma patients tolerated higher admission SBP than their younger counterparts and multiple elevated SBP thresholds were associated with significantly reduced mortality in the elderly.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2012.05.019

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Cite this paper

@article{Ley2012ElevatedSB, title={Elevated systolic blood pressure after trauma: tolerated in the elderly.}, author={Eric J. Ley and Matthew B. Singer and Alexandra Gangi and Morgan A. Clond and Marko Bukur and Rex Chung and Daniel R. Margulies and Ali Salim}, journal={The Journal of surgical research}, year={2012}, volume={177 2}, pages={326-9} }