Elevated plasma C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in patients with chronic renal failure.

Abstract

1. C-type natriuretic peptide is a neuropeptide, which is also produced by the vascular endothelial cells. Plasma immunoreactive C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in patients with various diseases have not yet been studied. 2. Plasma immunoreactive C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were studied by radioimmunoassay in normal subjects, patients with congestive heart failure, non-dialysed patients with chronic renal failure and haemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. The C-type natriuretic peptide levels were compared with the levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide. 3. Plasma immunoreactive C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were greatly elevated in patients with chronic renal failure [non-dialysed, 13.0 +/- 4.2 pmol/l (mean +/- SEM), n = 9, P < 0.01 compared with normal subjects (4.4 +/- 0.4 pmol/l, n = 26); haemodialysis, 16.1 +/- 2.1 pmol/l, n = 13, P < 0.01], but not in patients with congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class II-IV, 3.0 +/- 0.7 pmol/l, n = 11, P > 0.05). Plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide concentrations were elevated both in patients with congestive heart failure and in haemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. 4. Reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography showed that immunoreactive C-type natriuretic peptide in plasma from normal subjects and haemodialysis patients was eluted in the positions of C-type natriuretic peptide-22 and -53. 5. These findings suggest that C-type natriuretic peptide is a non-cardiac circulating hormone and participates in the cardiovascular regulation in a different manner from atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide.

4 Figures and Tables

Statistics

0100200300'95'97'99'01'03'05'07'09'11'13'15'17
Citations per Year

411 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 411 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Totsune1994ElevatedPC, title={Elevated plasma C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in patients with chronic renal failure.}, author={Kazuhito Totsune and Kentaro Takahashi and Osamu Murakami and Fumitoshi Satoh and Masahiko Sone and Tomoyoshi Mouri}, journal={Clinical science}, year={1994}, volume={87 3}, pages={319-22} }