Elevated hematocrit enhances platelet accumulation following vascular injury.

Abstract

Red blood cells (RBCs) demonstrate procoagulant properties in vitro, and elevated hematocrit is associated with reduced bleeding and increased thrombosis risk in humans. These observations suggest RBCs contribute to thrombus formation. However, effects of RBCs on thrombosis are difficult to assess because humans and mice with elevated hematocrit typically have coexisting pathologies. Using an experimental model of elevated hematocrit in healthy mice, we measured effects of hematocrit in 2 in vivo clot formation models. We also assessed thrombin generation, platelet-thrombus interactions, and platelet accumulation in thrombi ex vivo, in vitro, and in silico. Compared with controls, mice with elevated hematocrit (RBCHIGH) formed thrombi at a faster rate and had a shortened vessel occlusion time. Thrombi in control and RBCHIGH mice did not differ in size or fibrin content, and there was no difference in levels of circulating thrombin-antithrombin complexes. In vitro, increasing the hematocrit increased thrombin generation in the absence of platelets; however, this effect was reduced in the presence of platelets. In silico, direct numerical simulations of whole blood predicted elevated hematocrit increases the frequency and duration of interactions between platelets and a thrombus. When human whole blood was perfused over collagen at arterial shear rates, elevating the hematocrit increased the rate of platelet deposition and thrombus growth. These data suggest RBCs promote arterial thrombosis by enhancing platelet accumulation at the site of vessel injury. Maintaining a normal hematocrit may reduce arterial thrombosis risk in humans.

DOI: 10.1182/blood-2016-10-746479

Cite this paper

@article{Walton2017ElevatedHE, title={Elevated hematocrit enhances platelet accumulation following vascular injury.}, author={Bethany L Walton and Marcus Lehmann and Tyler Skorczewski and Lori A. Holle and Joan D. Beckman and Jeremy Cribb and Micah J Mooberry and Adam R. Wufsus and Brian Cooley and Jonathan W Homeister and Rafal Pawlinski and Michael R. Falvo and Nigel S Key and Aaron L. Fogelson and Keith B. Neeves and Alisa S. Wolberg}, journal={Blood}, year={2017}, volume={129 18}, pages={2537-2546} }