Elephant brain Part I: Gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution

@article{Shoshani2006ElephantBP,
  title={Elephant brain Part I: Gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution},
  author={J. Shoshani and W. Kupsky and Gary H. Marchant},
  journal={Brain Research Bulletin},
  year={2006},
  volume={70},
  pages={124-157}
}
We report morphological data on brains of four African, Loxodonta africana, and three Asian elephants, Elephas maximus, and compare findings to literature. [...] Key Result Brains exhibit a gyral pattern more complex and with more numerous gyri than in primates, humans included, and in carnivores, but less complex than in cetaceans. Cerebral frontal, parietal, temporal, limbic, and insular lobes are well developed, whereas the occipital lobe is relatively small. The insula is not as opercularized as in man.Expand
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