Elephant Hunting and Conservation

  title={Elephant Hunting and Conservation},
  author={Nigel Leader‐Williams and R. J. Smith and Matthew J. Walpole},
  pages={2203 - 2204}
A study of African elephants by Karen McComb and colleagues revealed that matriarchs are repositories of social knowledge for family groups (Reports, "Matriarchs as repositories of social knowledge in African elephants," 20 Apr., p. 491). Therefore, the authors suggest that the removal of older elephants by hunters could have serious consequences for the conservation of the species. McComb et al. did not elaborate on conservation issues, so we wish to discuss two key considerations that are… 

Trophy hunting : behavioral, demographic, and evolutionary consequences in ungulate populations : the example of the ungulates of African savannahs

Like predation, trophy hunting may constrain ungulates to adjust their behaviour todecrease mortality risk. Moreover, because this removal is size selective and male-biased, itmay induce

Rarity, trophy hunting and ungulates

An inter-specific analysis of trophy prices of 202 ungulate taxa was performed and quantified to what extent morphological characteristics and their rarity accounted for the observed variation in their price.

The influence of savannah elephants on vegetation: a case study in the Tembe Elephant Park, South Africa

Most elephants in South Africa live in enclosed areas such as the Tembe Elephant Park in Maputaland. The Park also protects sand forest. This can create a conflict of interest as elephants may

Does trophy hunting matter to long‐term population trends in African herbivores of different dietary guilds?

The persistence of large African herbivores in trophy hunting areas is still unclear because of a lack of data from long‐term wildlife monitoring outside national parks. We compared population trends

Who Bites the Bullet First? The Susceptibility of Leopards Panthera pardus to Trophy Hunting

It is shown that adult male and female leopards share similar incident rates to encountering hunters but adult males are the most susceptible to hunting due to hunter preference for large trophies, and sub-adult leopard rarely encounter hunters and are the least attractive trophies.

The effects of sexual dimorphism on the movements and foraging ecology of the African elephant.

Sexual segregation appeared to be caused by social organisation, reproductive strategies and the divergent foraging behaviour of males and females at the plant scale, highlighting the importance of considering male and female dimorphic herbivores as ecologically distinct species.

Cat Dilemma: Too Protected To Escape Trophy Hunting?

It is shown that trophy hunting constitutes a greater menace to threatened species than previously realized, suggesting an over-exploitation of trophy-hunted felids and the necessity of a better quota system coupled with reconsidered protection methods.

Hunting, age structure, and horn size distribution in bighorn sheep

In populations with fast horn growth, the effects of trophy hunting on male age structure and horn size were greater and the effect of a change in the definition of legal male smaller than in populations with slow growth rates, which is applicable for any size-selective harvest regime.

REVIEW: The management of wild large herbivores to meet economic, conservation and environmental objectives

Summary 1. Wild large herbivores provide goods and income to rural communities, have major impacts on land use and habitats of conservation importance and, in some cases, face local or global



Matriarchs As Repositories of Social Knowledge in African Elephants

It is demonstrated that the possession of enhanced discriminatory abilities by the oldest individual in a group can influence the social knowledge of the group as a whole and this superior abilities for social discrimination may result in higher per capita reproductive success for female groups led by older individuals.

Elephant Matriarchs Tell Friend From Foe

New research reported on page 491 shows that the lifetime experience of an elephant matriarch helps her group discriminate friend from foe and contributes in many other important ways to the


The close fit of growth models to data from younger and older animals separately and the difficulty of fitting a single growth model to animals of all ages could indicate that a dynamic or staged growth pattern exists in this species.

Wildlife and People: The Zimbabwean Success (Wisdom, Harare, Zimbabwe

  • 1995

Review of Compensation Schemes for Agricultural and Other Damage Caused by Elephants [International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)

  • 2000

Conserving Africa's Elephants: Current Issues and Priorities for Action (World Wildlife

  • 1997