Electrotactile and vibrotactile displays for sensory substitution systems

@article{Kaczmarek1991ElectrotactileAV,
  title={Electrotactile and vibrotactile displays for sensory substitution systems},
  author={Kurt A. Kaczmarek and John G. Webster and Paul Bach-y-Rita and W. J. Tompkins},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering},
  year={1991},
  volume={38},
  pages={1-16}
}
Sensory substitution systems provide their users with environmental information through a human sensory channel (eye, ear, or skin) different from that normally used or with the information processed in some useful way. The authors review the methods used to present visual, auditory, and modified tactile information to the skin and discuss present and potential future applications of sensory substitution, including tactile vision substitution (TVS), tactile auditory substitution, and remote… 
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