Electroshock Therapy by Stimulation of Discrete Cortical Sites with Small Electrodes∗.

@article{Heath1946ElectroshockTB,
  title={Electroshock Therapy by Stimulation of Discrete Cortical Sites with Small Electrodes∗.},
  author={Robert G. Heath and E C Norman},
  journal={Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine},
  year={1946},
  volume={63},
  pages={496 - 502}
}
  • R. HeathE. C. Norman
  • Published 1 December 1946
  • Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Summary By usinrr small electrordes in electroshoclk treatment it nn. possible to 10-calize the stimulation sufficiently to separate some of the many phenomena that occur with conventional electroshock therapy. The small amount of data thus far accumulated seems to indicate: (1) Memory loss and convulsion are probably not necessary to produce clinical improvement. (2)Stimulation of cortical autonomic centers seems to he the most important factor in producing clinical improvement in the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Neurophysiologic effects of electrically induced convulsions.

There is considerable clinical evidence to suggest that the therapeutic effectiveness of electroschock in psychiatric disorders may be due to the neuronal discharge of the convulsion per, and the relationship between electroshock therapy and the more prolonged benefit it affords in psychiatric conditions is clarified.

The value of subconvulsive electrostimulation in the treatment of some emotional disorders.

Less than one-fifth of the patients treated with psychotherapy alone for the symptom of anxiety failed to improve or recover, as compared with almost two-thirds of those treated by the combined method.

Focal brain stimulation with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS): implications for the neural circuitry of depression

The search for an effective somatic treatment for medication resistant depression with fewer cognitive side effects than ECT has motivated much of the work with rTMS in psychiatry.

New Developments in Electroconvulsive Therapy and Magnetic Seizure Therapy

The experience to date with MST is reviewed, this work is placed in the broader context of other means of optimizing convulsive therapy in the treatment of depression, and the clinical value of MST will need to be established through controlled clinical trials.

EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF MEMORY IMPAIRMENT AFTER ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY

  • J. Ottosson
  • Psychology
    Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum
  • 1960
The object of the present investigation was to examine whether the adverse effect of ECT on memory performance is mainly dependent upon the intensity of the electrical stimulus, or upon the induced, electroencephalographically recorded, seizure activity.

New Developments in Convulsive Therapy for Major Depression

Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is highly effective in the treatment of major depression. Frontiers for enhancing ECT in the management of severe major depression include techniques to

Intracortical recording interfaces: current challenges to chronic recording function.

The design and function of current IRIs are discussed and a host of recent advances that contribute significantly to the overall understanding of the cellular and molecular events that lead to acute recording failure of these invasive implants are reviewed.

THE MODE OF ACTION OF CONVULSIVE TREATMENT

My other transthoracic encounter with an <esophageal foreign body occurred during the drainage of a pyopericardium, and I agree with Mr. Bulteau that thoracotomy is indicated, but I am far from confident that I shall recognize the problem if such ever comes my way.

PERFORATION OF THE ŒSOPHAGUS AND RUPTURE OF THE AORTA DUE TO A PIECE OF FLY–WIRE

  • History
  • 1954
is exercised indiscriminately. Their excellent habit of body, the effect of drinking water only, speedily treats wounds, without an exterior application, which with us would take weeks or months to