Electroporation-based technologies for medicine: principles, applications, and challenges.

@article{Yarmush2014ElectroporationbasedTF,
  title={Electroporation-based technologies for medicine: principles, applications, and challenges.},
  author={Martin L. Yarmush and Alexander Golberg and Gregor Ser{\vs}a and Tadej Kotnik and Damijan Miklav{\vc}i{\vc}},
  journal={Annual review of biomedical engineering},
  year={2014},
  volume={16},
  pages={
          295-320
        }
}
When high-amplitude, short-duration pulsed electric fields are applied to cells and tissues, the permeability of the cell membranes and tissue is increased. This increase in permeability is currently explained by the temporary appearance of aqueous pores within the cell membrane, a phenomenon termed electroporation. During the past four decades, advances in fundamental and experimental electroporation research have allowed for the translation of electroporation-based technologies to the clinic… 

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