Electrophysiological Identification of a - and @ - lntercalated Cells and Their Distribution along the Rabbit Distal Nephron Segments

Abstract

By cable analysis and intracellular microelectrode impalement in the in vitro perfused renal tubule, we identified aand f,-intercalated (IC) cells along the rabbit distal nephron segments, including the connecting tubule (CNT), the cortical collecting duct (CCD), and the outer medullary collecting duct in the inner stripe (OMCDj). IC cells were distinguished from collecting duct (CD) cells by a relatively low basolateral membrane potential (VB), a higher fractional apical membrane resistance, and apparent high Clconductances of the basolateral membrane. Two functionally different subtypes of IC cells in the CCD were identified based on different responses of VB upon reduction of the perfusate Clfrom 120 to 12 mM: the basolateral membrane of f-IC cells was hyperpolarized, whereas that of a-IC cells was unchanged. This is in accord with the hypothesis that the apical membrane of 6l-IC cells contains some Cl--dependent entry processes, possibly a Cl-/ HCO3 exchanger. Further characterization of electrical properties of both subtypes of IC cells were performed upon lowering bath or perfusate Clfrom 120 to 12 mM, and raising bath or perfusate K+ from 5 to 50 mM. A 10-fold increase in the perfusate K+ had no effect on Va in both subtypes of IC cells. Upon abrupt changes in Clor K+ concentration in the bath, a large or a small depolarization of the basolateral membrane, respectively, was observed in both subtypes of IC cells. The electrical properties of aand f8-IC cells were similar among the distal nephron segments, but their distribution was different: in the CNT, which consists of IC cells and CNT cells, 97.3% (36/37) of IC cells were of the f, type. In the CCD, which consists of IC cells and CD cells, 79.8% (79/99) of IC cells were of the f,-type, whereas in the OMCD; 100% (19/19) were of the a type, suggesting that the fl type predominates in the earlier and the a type in the later segment. (J. Clin. Invest. 1990. 86:1829-1839.)

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Muto2013ElectrophysiologicalIO, title={Electrophysiological Identification of a - and @ - lntercalated Cells and Their Distribution along the Rabbit Distal Nephron Segments}, author={Shigeaki Muto and K . Yasoshima and Koji Yoshitomi and Manami Imai and Y Asano}, year={2013} }