Electronically programmable, reversible shape change in two- and three-dimensional hydrogel structures.

Combining compliant electrode arrays in open-mesh constructs with hydrogels yields a class of soft actuator, capable of complex, programmable changes in shape. The results include materials strategies, integration approaches, and mechanical/thermal analysis of heater meshes embedded in thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM) hydrogels with… (More)

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Citations per Year

Citation Velocity: 12

Averaging 12 citations per year over the last 3 years.

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