Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction.

@article{McRobbie2014ElectronicCF,
  title={Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction.},
  author={H. McRobbie and C. Bullen and J. Hartmann-Boyce and P. Hajek},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
  year={2014},
  volume={12},
  pages={
          CD010216
        }
}
BACKGROUND Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are electronic devices that heat a liquid - usually comprising propylene glycol and glycerol, with or without nicotine and flavours, stored in disposable or refillable cartridges or a reservoir - into an aerosol for inhalation. Since ECs appeared on the market in 2006 there has been a steady growth in sales. Smokers report using ECs to reduce risks of smoking, but some healthcare organisations have been reluctant to encourage smokers to switch to ECs… Expand
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.
TLDR
The safety and effect of using ECs to help people who smoke achieve long-term smoking abstinence and the main outcome measure was abstinence from smoking after at least six months follow-up is evaluated. Expand
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.
TLDR
There was moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision, that quit rates were higher in people randomized to nicotine EC than in those randomized to Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (risk ratio (RR) 1.69), which might translate to an additional four successful quitters per 100 (95% CI 2 to 8). Expand
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.
TLDR
There was moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision, that quit rates were higher in people randomized to nicotine EC than in those randomized to Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (risk ratio (RR) 1.69), and this might translate to an additional four successful quitters per 100 (95% CI 2 to 8). Expand
Electronic cigarettes. What should you tell your patients
that heat a liquid into an aerosol for inhalation and simulate the behaviour of smoking. ECs are mainly used in Australia and overseas by tobacco smokers to help them quit or reduce smoking.1-3Expand
The safety and efficacy of Electronic cigarettes in smoking cessation
Introduction: Although electronic cigarettes are increasing in popularity all over the world, their safety and efficacy for smoking cessation have remained unclear and discussed in scientificExpand
E-cigarettes may help smokers stop or reduce smoking
  • L. Brose
  • Medicine
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • 2015
Commentary on : McRobbie H, Bullen C, Hartmann-Boyce J, et al. Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014;12:CD010216. Tobacco smoking kills at leastExpand
Are e-cigarettes a gateway to smoking or a pathway to quitting?
TLDR
The contents of e-cigs and how they are used, the history, advantages, disadvantages and then balance the positive and negative aspects of their use are described. Expand
Victimless vapour? Health care organizations should restrict the use of e-cigarettes
TLDR
It is argued that in provinces or municipalities where e-cigarette use has not been restricted, HCOs should develop institutional policies to do so and remain responsive to emerging evidence regarding the status of e-cigarettes as an effective harm reduction tool. Expand
E-cigarettes: an evidence update. A report commissioned by Public Health England.
TLDR
There is no evidence that EC are undermining the long-term decline in cigarette smoking among adults and youth, and may in fact be contributing to it, and new regulations currently planned should also maximise the public health opportunities of EC. Expand
The Value of Providing Smokers with Free E-Cigarettes: Smoking Reduction and Cessation Associated with the Three-Month Provision to Smokers of a Refillable Tank-Style E-Cigarette
TLDR
There may be value in smoking cessation services and other services ensuring that smokers are provided with e-cigarettes at zero or minimal costs for at least a short period of time. Expand
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These findings demonstrate reliable blood nicotine delivery after the acute use of this brand/model of e-cigarette in a sample of regular users, and Tobacco-related withdrawal symptoms and urge to smoke were significantly reduced. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
Long-term e-Cigarette use can substantially decrease cigarette consumption in smokers not willing to quit and is well tolerated. Expand
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