Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction.

@article{McRobbie2014ElectronicCF,
  title={Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction.},
  author={Hayden J McRobbie and Chris Bullen and Jamie Hartmann-Boyce and Peter Hajek},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
  year={2014},
  volume={12},
  pages={
          CD010216
        }
}
BACKGROUND Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are electronic devices that heat a liquid - usually comprising propylene glycol and glycerol, with or without nicotine and flavours, stored in disposable or refillable cartridges or a reservoir - into an aerosol for inhalation. Since ECs appeared on the market in 2006 there has been a steady growth in sales. Smokers report using ECs to reduce risks of smoking, but some healthcare organisations have been reluctant to encourage smokers to switch to ECs… 

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Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.

The safety and effect of using ECs to help people who smoke achieve long-term smoking abstinence and the main outcome measure was abstinence from smoking after at least six months follow-up is evaluated.

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.

There was moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision, that quit rates were higher in people randomized to nicotine EC than in those randomized to Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (risk ratio (RR) 1.69), which might translate to an additional four successful quitters per 100 (95% CI 2 to 8).

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.

There was moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision, that quit rates were higher in people randomized to nicotine EC than in those randomized to Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and risk ratios (RRs) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) for dichotomous outcomes.

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.

There was moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision, that quit rates were higher in people randomized to nicotine EC than in those randomized to Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (risk ratio (RR) 1.69), and this might translate to an additional four successful quitters per 100 (95% CI 2 to 8).

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.

There was high certainty that quit rates were higher in people randomized to nicotine EC than in those randomized to Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision, that Quit rates wereHigher in people Randomized to Nicotine EC than to non-nicotine EC.

Electronic cigarettes. What should you tell your patients

Information is provided for GPs who are faced with Electronic cigarettes and views about ECs are polarised, which believe that ECs have a huge potential to improve public health and save millions of lives.

The safety and efficacy of Electronic cigarettes in smoking cessation

Allowing ECs to compete with traditional cigarettes in the market can reduce the mortality and disease caused by smoking, however, the health effects of ECs are unknown and may encourage young people to dual use of EC and traditional tobacco.

Are e-cigarettes a gateway to smoking or a pathway to quitting?

The contents of e-cigs and how they are used, the history, advantages, disadvantages and then balance the positive and negative aspects of their use are described.

E-cigarettes may help smokers stop or reduce smoking

  • L. Brose
  • Medicine
    Evidence-Based Medicine
  • 2015
Commentary on : McRobbie H, Bullen C, Hartmann-Boyce J, et al. Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014;12:CD010216. Tobacco smoking kills at least

The Use of E-Cigarettes.

The consumption of electronic cigarettes in Germany is not very widespread, but it is not negligible either; regular consumers of e-cigarettes are almost exclusively smokers and ex-smokers.
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