Electronic cigarettes and mental illness: Reviewing the evidence for help and harm among those with psychiatric and substance use disorders

  title={Electronic cigarettes and mental illness: Reviewing the evidence for help and harm among those with psychiatric and substance use disorders},
  author={Kathryn R. Hefner and Gerald W Valentine and Mehmet Sofuoglu},
  journal={The American Journal on Addictions},
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Adults with mental illness (MI) use combustible tobacco at increased rates and have greater difficulty quitting smoking. Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their use by those with MI has important health implications. While preliminary evidence suggests potential benefits of e-cigarette use for those with MI, well-controlled, systematic research examining appeal, correlates, and consequences of e-cigarette use in this vulnerable… 
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