Electronic Confinement and Coherence in Patterned Epitaxial Graphene

@article{Berger2006ElectronicCA,
  title={Electronic Confinement and Coherence in Patterned Epitaxial Graphene},
  author={Claire Berger and Zhi-min Song and Xuebin Li and Xiaosong Wu and Nate Brown and Cecile Naud and Didier Mayou and Tianbo Li and Joanna Hass and Alexei Marchenkov and Edward H. Conrad and Phillip N. First and Walt A. de Heer},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={312},
  pages={1191 - 1196}
}
Ultrathin epitaxial graphite was grown on single-crystal silicon carbide by vacuum graphitization. The material can be patterned using standard nanolithography methods. The transport properties, which are closely related to those of carbon nanotubes, are dominated by the single epitaxial graphene layer at the silicon carbide interface and reveal the Dirac nature of the charge carriers. Patterned structures show quantum confinement of electrons and phase coherence lengths beyond 1 micrometer at… 

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