Electronic Cigarette Use and Metabolic Syndrome Development: A Critical Review

@article{Grna2020ElectronicCU,
  title={Electronic Cigarette Use and Metabolic Syndrome Development: A Critical Review},
  author={Ilona G{\'o}rna and Marta Napierała and Ewa Florek},
  journal={Toxics},
  year={2020},
  volume={8}
}
The metabolic syndrome is a combination of several metabolic disorders, such as cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle modifications, including quitting smoking, are recommended to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome and its associated complications. Not much research has been conducted in the field of e-cigarettes and the risk of metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, taking into account the influence of e-cigarettes vaping on the individual components of metabolic… 
5 Citations
Association between dual smoking and dyslipidemia in South Korean adults
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This study suggests that along with conventional cigarettes, dual smoking negatively impacts dyslipidemia, and smoking cessation of evert types is necessary for a healthy life.
Investigation of the Association between Smoking Behavior and Metabolic Syndrome Using Lipid Accumulation Product Index among South Korean Adults
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Dual and single smoking were significantly associated with higher LAP, a strong predictor of metabolic syndrome, and further studies and awareness regarding the adverse effects of dual smoking are required.
Differential Effects of ‘Vaping’ on Lipid and Glucose Profiles and Liver Metabolic Markers in Obese Versus Non-obese Mice
TLDR
E-vapour reduced fat mass in HFD-fed mice; only nicotine-containing e-vAPour improved glucose tolerance; and changes in liver metabolic markers may be adaptive responses rather than causal.
Dysregulated Metabolites Serve as Novel Biomarkers for Metabolic Diseases Caused by Vaping and Cigarette Smoking
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Overall, e-cig vaping dysregulated TCA cycle realted metabolites while cigarette smoking altered sphingolipid metabolites could serve as potential systemic biomarkers for early cardiopulmonary diseases.
Dysregulated Metabolites Serve as Novel Biomarkers for Metabolic Diseases Caused by E-Cigarette Vaping and Cigarette Smoking
TLDR
E-cig vaping dysregulated TCA cycle-related metabolites while cigarette smoking altered sphingolipid metabolites, and both e-cig and cigarette smoke increased nicotinic metabolites.

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