Electron shuttles in biotechnology.

  title={Electron shuttles in biotechnology.},
  author={Kazuya Watanabe and Mike Manefield and Matthew Hao Lee and Atsushi Kouzuma},
  journal={Current opinion in biotechnology},
  volume={20 6},
Electron-shuttling compounds (electron shuttles [ESs], or redox mediators) are essential components in intracellular electron transfer, while microbes also utilize self-produced and naturally present ESs for extracellular electron transfer. These compounds assist in microbial energy metabolism by facilitating electron transfer between microbes, from electron-donating substances to microbes, and/or from microbes to electron-accepting substances. Artificially supplemented ESs can create new… CONTINUE READING

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