Electron Temperatures and Densities in the Venus Ionosphere: Pioneer Venus Orbiter Electron Temperature Probe Results

@article{Brace1979ElectronTA,
  title={Electron Temperatures and Densities in the Venus Ionosphere: Pioneer Venus Orbiter Electron Temperature Probe Results},
  author={Larry H. Brace and R. F. Theis and J. P. Krehbiel and Andrew F. Nagy and Thomas M. Donahue and Michael B. McElroy and Arne Pedersen},
  journal={Science},
  year={1979},
  volume={203},
  pages={763 - 765}
}
Altitude profiles of electron temperature and density in the ionosphere of Venus have been obtained by the Pioneer Venus orbiter electron temperatutre probe. Elevated temperatutres observed at times of low solar wind flux exhibit height profiles that are consistent with a model in which less than 5 percent of the solar wind energy is deposited at the ionopause and is conducted downward through an unmagnetized ionosphere to the region below 200 kilomneters where electron cooling to the neutral… 

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  • 1979