Electromagnetic waves and electron anisotropies downstream of supercritical interplanetary shocks

  title={Electromagnetic waves and electron anisotropies downstream of supercritical interplanetary shocks},
  author={Lynn Bruce Wilson and Andriy Koval and Adam Szabo and Aaron W. Breneman and Cynthia A. Cattell and Keith Goetz and Paul J. Kellogg and Kris Kersten and Justin C. Kasper and Bennett A. Maruca and Marc P. Pulupa},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics},
  pages={16 - 5}
We present waveform observations of electromagnetic lower hybrid and whistler waves with fci ≪ f < fce downstream of four supercritical interplanetary shocks using the Wind search coil magnetometer. The whistler waves were observed to have a weak positive correlation between δB and normalized heat flux magnitude and an inverse correlation with Teh/Tec. All were observed simultaneous with electron distributions satisfying the whistler heat flux instability threshold and most with T⊥ h/T∥ h > 1… 

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