Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, microwave syndrome) - Review of mechanisms.

@article{Stein2020ElectromagneticH,
  title={Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, microwave syndrome) - Review of mechanisms.},
  author={Yael Stein and Iris G. Udasin},
  journal={Environmental research},
  year={2020},
  volume={186},
  pages={
          109445
        }
}
The biological effects of electromagnetic exposure on immune cells and potential mechanisms
TLDR
The results of epidemiological investigation, the progresses in animal studies and in vitro experiments, and the current attempts to explore potential mechanisms of biological effects on immune cells associated with electromagnetic fields are reviewed.
Redefining electrosensitivity: A new literature-supported model
TLDR
A new model in which electrohypersensitivity is but part of the electrosensitive status inherent in being human is proposed, which gives the blanket term ElectroMagnetic Illness (EMI) to all RFR-related conditions.
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
TLDR
A general overview of the history, definition, demographics, prevalence, and etiologic challenges in defining and understanding MCS is provided.
Anti-Oxidative and Immune Regulatory Responses of THP-1 and PBMC to Pulsed EMF Are Field-Strength Dependent
TLDR
This study compared the impact of different EMF flux densities in human leukemic THP1 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of healthy donors to additionally consider a potential disparate receptivity based on medical origin to associate EMF-related effects with anti-inflammatory signaling and lipid metabolism.
Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation on Neurotransmitters in the Brain
TLDR
The effects of EMR on the metabolism and receptors of neurotransmitters in the brain are summarized and shown that the nervous system is an important target organ system sensitive to EMR.
Which sources of electromagnetic field are of the highest concern for electrosensitive individuals? – Questionnaire study with a literature review
TLDR
Phones, especially mobile devices, are the most important source of EMF influencing EHS subjects and people who self-reported living closer to MPBS and older individuals seem to be remarkably more concerned about MPBS health impact.
Radioprotective Effect of Flavonoids on Ionizing Radiation-Induced Brain Damage
TLDR
It is concluded that flavonoids treatment may be a promising complementary therapy to prevent radiotherapy-induced brain pathophysiological changes and cognitive impairment.
Biological Effects of a Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field on Yeast Cells of the Genus Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
Abstract Background: Although the scientific community is extensively concerned with the effects of the EMF, the unambiguous explanation of its effects on living structures is still lacking. Goals:
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity: Evidence for a Novel Neurological Syndrome
TLDR
EMF hypersensitivity can occur as a bona fide environmentally inducible neurological syndrome under conditions that reasonably excluded a causative role for psychological processes.
Metabolic and Genetic Screening of Electromagnetic Hypersensitive Subjects as a Feasible Tool for Diagnostics and Intervention
TLDR
Results on MCS and EHS strengthen the proposal to adopt this blood metabolic/genetic biomarkers' panel as suitable diagnostic tool for SRI.
Development and evaluation of the electromagnetic hypersensitivity questionnaire
TLDR
The two key results of this study were the development of a scale that provides an index of the type and intensity of symptoms commonly experienced by people believing themselves to be EHS and a screening tool that researchers can use to pre-select the most sensitive individuals to take part in their research.
The microwave syndrome or electro-hypersensitivity: historical background
TLDR
There is increasing evidence that the “microwave syndrome” or “electro-hypersensitivity” (EHS) is a real disease that is caused by exposure to EMFs, especially those in the microwave range.
Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation
TLDR
It is demonstrated that low-intensity RFR is an expressive oxidative agent for living cells with a high pathogenic potential and that the oxidative stress induced by RFR exposure should be recognized as one of the primary mechanisms of the biological activity of this kind of radiation.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on the oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits
TLDR
Investigation of the influence of electromagnetic radiation of a digital GSM mobile telephone on oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits found increased SOD activity, and serum NO levels decreased in EMR‐exposed animals compared to the sham group, which may indicate the possible role of increased oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of adverse effect of EMR.
Hypothesis on how to measure electromagnetic hypersensitivity
TLDR
Simultaneous recordings of heart rate variability, microcirculation and electric skin potentials are used for classification of EHS and it could be possible to distinguish “genuine” electromagnetic hypersensitive individuals from those who suffer from other conditions.
Overproduction of free radical species in embryonal cells exposed to low intensity radiofrequency radiation.
TLDR
Exposure of developing quail embryos to extremely low intensity RF-EMR of GSM 900 MHz during at least one hundred and fifty-eight hours leads to a significant overproduction of free radicals/reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage of DNA in embryo cells.
Radiation from wireless technology affects the blood, the heart, and the autonomic nervous system1)
  • M. Havas
  • Medicine
    Reviews on environmental health
  • 2013
TLDR
Provocation studies presented in this article demonstrate that the response to electrosmog is physiologic and not psychosomatic, and those who experience prolonged and severe EHS may develop psychologic problems as a consequence of their inability to work, their limited ability to travel in the authors' highly technologic environment, and the social stigma.
...
...