Electrolytic actuators: alternative, high-performance, material-based devices.

  title={Electrolytic actuators: alternative, high-performance, material-based devices.},
  author={Colin G Cameron and Michael S. Freund},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={99 12},
The emerging field of materials-based actuation continues to be the focus of considerable research because of its inherent scalability and its promise to drive micromechanical devices that cannot be realized with conventional mechanical actuator strategies. The electrolytic phase transformation actuator offers a new broad-spectrum solution to the problem of direct conversion of electrical to mechanical energy. Strains of 136,000% and unoptimized work cycle efficiencies near 50% are demonstrated… CONTINUE READING
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