[Electroencephalogram of the full-term newborn. Normal features and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy].


The objective of this work is to specify, by reference to the normal newborn, the current contribution of the electroencephalogram in the hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy of the full-term newborn. Both digitized traditional EEG and cerebral function monitoring (CFM) will be considered. We first describe the main features of normal and pathological EEGs. A good knowledge of the organization of the sleep-wakefulness cycles, in relationship with the EEG, is essential. Very early recordings (before 6 hours of life) are needed to put the indications of neuroprotective treatments (hypothermia). Between the normal or near-normal tracings, which are associated with a good prognosis, and the very pathological tracings (inactive, paroxysmal), which are associated with a poor vital or functional prognosis, the interpretation of "intermediate" tracings - mainly represented by other types of discontinuous tracings - must take into account characteristics of bursts and discontinuities, postnatal age, the evolution of successive tracings, and pharmacological treatments. A flowchart is used to illustrate our strategy of EEG watching over a full-term newborn after an acute fetal distress.

DOI: 10.1016/j.neucli.2010.12.001

Cite this paper

@article{Lamblin2011ElectroencephalogramOT, title={[Electroencephalogram of the full-term newborn. Normal features and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy].}, author={M. D. Lamblin and Monique Andr{\'e}}, journal={Neurophysiologie clinique = Clinical neurophysiology}, year={2011}, volume={41 1}, pages={1-18} }