Electrochemical CO2 Reduction to Hydrocarbons on a Heterogeneous Molecular Cu Catalyst in Aqueous Solution.

@article{Weng2016ElectrochemicalCR,
  title={Electrochemical CO2 Reduction to Hydrocarbons on a Heterogeneous Molecular Cu Catalyst in Aqueous Solution.},
  author={Zhe Weng and Jianbing Jimmy Jiang and Yueshen Wu and Zishan Wu and Xiaoting Guo and Kelly L. Materna and Wen Chao Liu and Victor S. Batista and Gary W. Brudvig and Hailiang Wang},
  journal={Journal of the American Chemical Society},
  year={2016},
  volume={138 26},
  pages={
          8076-9
        }
}
Exploration of heterogeneous molecular catalysts combining the atomic-level tunability of molecular structures and the practical handling advantages of heterogeneous catalysts represents an attractive approach to developing high-performance catalysts for important and challenging chemical reactions such as electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction which holds the promise for converting emissions back to fuels utilizing renewable energy. Thus, far, efficient and selective electroreduction of CO2… 

Figures from this paper

Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 to Ethylene by Molecular Cu-Complex Immobilized on Graphitized Mesoporous Carbon.

TLDR
It is demonstrated that the dinuclear molecular copper complex immobilized over graphitized mesoporous carbon can act as catalysts for the conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons (methane and ethylene) up to 60% and morphological study reveals that the newly generated copper cluster is the real active site during the catalytic reactions.

A Water-Soluble Sodium Pectate Complex with Copper as an Electrochemical Catalyst for Carbon Dioxide Reduction

TLDR
This copper pectate complex of copper (PG-NaCu) proved to be highly active in the electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 to CH4 in water and combines the advantages of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts, the stability of heterogeneity solid materials and the performance of molecular catalysts.

Molecular enhancement of heterogeneous CO2 reduction

TLDR
This Perspective provides an overview of strategies that use molecular enhancement of heterogeneous catalysts to improve activity, efficiency and selectivity in the further development of CO2RR.

Recent Progresses in Electrochemical Carbon Dioxide Reduction on Copper‐Based Catalysts toward Multicarbon Products

Electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR) offers a promising way of effectively converting CO2 to value‐added chemicals and fuels by utilizing renewable electricity. To date, the

High-Performance Electrochemical CO2 Reduction Cells Based on Non-noble Metal Catalysts

The promise and challenge of electrochemical mitigation of CO2 calls for innovations on both catalyst and reactor levels. In this work, enabled by our high-performance and earth-abundant CO2

Transition metal-based catalysts for the electrochemical CO2 reduction: from atoms and molecules to nanostructured materials.

TLDR
The studies herein presented show that the basic principles in molecular catalysis and organometallic chemistry can be effectively used to design new efficient and selective heterogeneous catalysts for CO2 reduction.

Active sites of copper-complex catalytic materials for electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction

TLDR
The authors discover copper-containing complexes to reversibly transform during electrocatalysis into methane-producing copper nanoclusters that catalyzes the carbon dioxide-to-methane conversion.

Selective Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction in Water through Anchoring of a Molecular Ni Catalyst on CdS Nanocrystals.

TLDR
Correlation between catalyst immobilization efficiency and product selectivity shows that anchoring the molecular catalyst on the semiconductor surface is key in controlling the selectivity for CO2 reduction over H2 evolution in aqueous solution.

Highly selective and active CO2 reduction electrocatalysts based on cobalt phthalocyanine/carbon nanotube hybrid structures

TLDR
A cobalt-phthalocyanine-based high-performance carbon dioxide reduction electrocatalyst material developed with a combined nanoscale and molecular approach that exhibits >95% Faradaic efficiency for carbon monoxide production in a wide potential range and extraordinary catalytic activity.

Visible-light-driven methane formation from CO2 with a molecular iron catalyst

TLDR
It is shown that an iron tetraphenylporphyrin complex functionalized with trimethylammonio groups, which is the most efficient and selective molecular electro- catalyst for converting CO2 to CO known, can also catalyse the eight-electron reduction ofCO2 to methane upon visible light irradiation at ambient temperature and pressure.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES

Metal-organic frameworks for electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide.

TLDR
Th thin films of nanosized metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are introduced as atomically defined and nanoscopic materials that function as catalysts for the efficient and selective reduction of carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide in aqueous electrolytes.

Selective Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide to Ethylene and Ethanol on Copper(I) Oxide Catalysts

The selective electroreduction of carbon dioxide to C2 compounds (ethylene and ethanol) on copper(I) oxide films has been investigated at various electrochemical potentials. Aqueous 0.1 M KHCO3 was

Enhanced electrochemical methanation of carbon dioxide with a dispersible nanoscale copper catalyst.

TLDR
It is demonstrated that copper nanoparticles supported on glassy carbon (n-Cu/C) achieve up to 4 times greater methanation current densities compared to high-purity copper foil electrodes, which represents a first step toward the preparation of practical meethanation catalysts that can be incorporated into membrane-electrode assemblies in electrolyzers.

Catalysts and Reaction Pathways for the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide.

TLDR
This Perspective highlights several heterogeneous and molecular electrocatalysts for the reduction of CO2 and discusses the reaction pathways through which they form various products, including copper, a unique catalyst as it yields hydrocarbon products with acceptable efficiencies.

Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide and methane at an immobilized cobalt protoporphyrin

TLDR
A cobalt protoporphyrin immobilized on a pyrolytic graphite electrode that reduces carbon dioxide in an aqueous acidic solution at relatively low overpotential, with an efficiency and selectivity comparable to the best porphyrIn-based electrocatalyst in the literature.

Electrocatalytic Production of C3-C4 Compounds by Conversion of CO2 on a Chloride-Induced Bi-Phasic Cu2O-Cu Catalyst.

TLDR
The Cu2OCl electrocatalyst results in the preferential formation of multi-carbon fuels, including n-propanol and n-butane C3-C4 compounds, and is proposed that the remarkable electrocatalytic conversion behavior is due to the favorable affinity between the reaction intermediates and the catalytic surface.

Current Issues in Molecular Catalysis Illustrated by Iron Porphyrins as Catalysts of the CO2-to-CO Electrochemical Conversion.

TLDR
Overall, it appears that not only are iron porphyrins the most efficient catalysts of the CO2-to-CO electrochemical conversion but also they can serve to illustrate general issues concerning the field of molecular catalysis as a whole, including other reductive or oxidative processes.

Covalent organic frameworks comprising cobalt porphyrins for catalytic CO2 reduction in water

TLDR
Modular optimization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) is reported, in which the building units are cobalt porphyrin catalysts linked by organic struts through imine bonds, to prepare a catalytic material for aqueous electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO.

A Local Proton Source Enhances CO2 Electroreduction to CO by a Molecular Fe Catalyst

TLDR
Modification of iron tetraphenylporphyrin through the introduction of phenolic groups in all ortho and ortho′ positions of the phenyl groups considerably speeds up catalysis of this reaction by the electrogenerated iron(0) complex.

Achieving Highly Efficient, Selective, and Stable CO2 Reduction on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotubes.

TLDR
It is reported that carbon nanotubes, doped with nitrogen to form resident electron-rich defects, can act as highly efficient and, more importantly, stable catalysts for the conversion of CO2 to CO.