Electrocatalytic and homogeneous approaches to conversion of CO2 to liquid fuels.

  title={Electrocatalytic and homogeneous approaches to conversion of CO2 to liquid fuels.},
  author={Eric E Benson and Clifford P. Kubiak and Aaron J. Sathrum and Jonathan M. Smieja},
  journal={Chemical Society reviews},
  volume={38 1},
Research in the field of catalytic reduction of carbon dioxide to liquid fuels has grown rapidly in the past few decades. This is due to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and a steady climb in global fuel demand. This tutorial review will present much of the significant work that has been done in the field of electrocatalytic and homogeneous reduction of carbon dioxide over the past three decades. It will then extend the discussion to the important conclusions from… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Electroreduction of Carbon Dioxide by Homogeneous Iridium Catalysts
The electroreduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) to chemical fuels provides not only a means to utilize CO2 but also a solution to challenges relating to the storage and transport of renewable energy.
Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide to Chemical Fuels: Challenges and Opportunities for a Solar Fuel Device.
CO2 reduction: the quest for electrocatalytic materials
Rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) are of significant concern in modern society, as they lead to global warming and consequential environmental and societal changes. It is of importance to develop
Oxygenates from the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide.
This review focuses on recent advancements in the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to formic acid, methanol, ethanol, acetic acid, and other oxygenates and presents future prospects for further development of the electroreduction ofCO2 to oxygenates.
Electrochemical Reduction of CO 2 over Heterogeneous Catalysts in Aqueous Solution: Recent Progress and Perspectives
Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into value‐added chemicals or fuels, driven by renewable energy, presents a promising solution to depletion of fossil fuels and greenhouse effects caused by excessive
Catalysis of the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide.
The general trends that transpire presently and are likely to be the object of active future work emphasis is put on the favorable role of acid addition in homogeneous catalytic systems and on the crucial chemical role of the electrode material in heterogeneous catalysis.
Semiconductor/Electrolyte Interfaces for CO2 Reduction
This work describes an approach of reducing CO2 to fuels and chemicals and therefore depicts a pathway towards CO2 recycling and application of an electrochemical technique further offers the possibility of renewable energy storage in chemical compounds.
Recent Advances in Transition-Metal-Mediated Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction: From Homogeneous to Heterogeneous Systems
Global climate change and increasing demands for clean energy have brought intensive interest in the search for proper electrocatalysts in order to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) to higher value carbon
The CO2 electroreduction in gas phase using Pt on carbon black catalysts is investigated in this work. This process is expected to become a key technology to prevent anthropogenic CO2 emissions.


Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide by nickel cyclam2+ in water: study of the factors affecting the efficiency and the selectivity of the process.
The mechanistic investigation presently described points to the importance of molecular species adsorbed on the cathode surface and the size of the cyclam ligand and the presence of secondary amine groups (NH) might account for the very special properties of the electrocatalyst.
Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide by using macrocycles of nickel and cobalt
An indirect method for the reduction of CO/sub 2/ in nonaqueous solutions and involving initial reduction of metal complexes and their subsequent reduction with CO/sub 2/ is described. The complexes
Carbon Dioxide Activation at the Ni,Fe-Cluster of Anaerobic Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase
The structures define the mechanism of CO oxidation and CO2 reduction at the Ni-Fe site of cluster C, where CO2 acts as a bridging ligand between Ni and the asymmetrically coordinated Fe, where it completes the square-planar coordination of the Ni ion.
Catalysis of the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide by Iron(0) Porphyrins: Synergystic Effect of Weak Brönsted Acids
Addition of weak Bronsted acids such as 1-propanol, 2-pyrrolidone, and CF3CH2OH triggers a considerable improvement of the catalysis of CO2 reduction by iron(0) tetraphenylporphyrins. Both the
Nickel(II)-cyclam: an extremely selective electrocatalyst for reduction of CO2 in water
Co2is electroreduced efficiently to CO on a mercury cathode, in the presence [NiII(Cyclam)]2+; even in pure water, the selectivity for reduction of CO2vs. that of H2O is huge.
Electroreduction of carbon dioxide catalyzed by iron-sulfur cluster compounds [Fe4S4(SR)4]2-
The use of the tetranuclear iron-sulfur cluster (Fe/sub 4/S/sub 4/(SR))/sup 2 -/ (where R = CH/sub 2/C/sub 6/H/sub 5/ or C/sub 6/H/sub 5/) for the catalysis of the electroreduction of CO/sub 2/ in
Development of transition metal phosphine complexes as electrocatalysts for CO2 and CO reduction
Abstract [Pd(triphosphine)(solvent)](BF4)2 complexes have been developed as catalysts for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO. A variety of structural features of these complexes have been
Electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 by associative activation
Reduction electrochimique de CO 2 en solution dans CH 3 CN sur une electrode de platine en presence du complexe [Os(bpy) 2 (CO)H][PF 6 ], (bpy=bipyridine-2,2') qui joue le role de catalyseur