Electrically detected interferometry of Majorana fermions in a topological insulator.

@article{Akhmerov2009ElectricallyDI,
  title={Electrically detected interferometry of Majorana fermions in a topological insulator.},
  author={A. Akhmerov and Johan Nilsson and C. W. J. Beenakker},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={102 21},
  pages={
          216404
        }
}
Majorana fermions are zero-energy quasiparticles that may exist in superconducting vortices and interfaces, but their detection is problematic since they have no charge. This is an obstacle to the realization of topological quantum computation, which relies on Majorana fermions to store qubits in a way which is insensitive to decoherence. We show how a pair of neutral Majorana fermions can be converted reversibly into a charged Dirac fermion. These two types of fermions are predicted to exist… 

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