Electrical stimulation using kilohertz-frequency alternating current.

  title={Electrical stimulation using kilohertz-frequency alternating current.},
  author={Alex R Ward},
  journal={Physical therapy},
  volume={89 2},
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation using kilohertz-frequency alternating current (AC) became popular in the 1950s with the introduction of "interferential currents," promoted as a means of producing depth-efficient stimulation of nerve and muscle. Later, "Russian current" was adopted as a means of muscle strengthening. This article reviews some clinically relevant, laboratory-based studies that offer an insight into the mechanism of action of kilohertz-frequency AC. It provides some answers… CONTINUE READING
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Electrotherapy Explained: Principles and Practice. 4th ed

  • VJ Robertson, AR Ward, J Low, A. Reed
  • 2006

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