Electrical stimulation of the human claustrum

  title={Electrical stimulation of the human claustrum},
  author={Stephan Bickel and Josef Parvizi},
  journal={Epilepsy \& Behavior},
To probe the causal importance of the claustrum in human subjective experience, we delivered electrical pulses either unilaterally or bilaterally within the core of this structure in five neurosurgical patients implanted with intracranial electrodes. Patients reported subjective experiences in various sensory domains and exhibited reflexive movements after real but not sham stimulations. However, none of the stimulations evoked loss of consciousness or lack of subjective awareness even with… 
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What is the function of the claustrum?
  • F. Crick, C. Koch
  • Biology, Medicine
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2005
What is known about the claustrum is summarized, its possible relationship to the processes that give rise to integrated conscious percepts is speculated, mechanisms that enable information to travel widely within the claUSTrum are proposed and experiments to address these questions are discussed.
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