Electrical stimulation of the human claustrum

@article{Bickel2019ElectricalSO,
  title={Electrical stimulation of the human claustrum},
  author={Stephan Bickel and Josef Parvizi},
  journal={Epilepsy \& Behavior},
  year={2019},
  volume={97},
  pages={296-303}
}
To probe the causal importance of the claustrum in human subjective experience, we delivered electrical pulses either unilaterally or bilaterally within the core of this structure in five neurosurgical patients implanted with intracranial electrodes. Patients reported subjective experiences in various sensory domains and exhibited reflexive movements after real but not sham stimulations. However, none of the stimulations evoked loss of consciousness or lack of subjective awareness even with… 
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