Electrical Stimulation and Spinal Fusion

  title={Electrical Stimulation and Spinal Fusion},
  author={Neil Kahanovitz},
The earliest reported use of electrical stimulation to improve the efficacy of spinal fusion was over a quarter of a century ago. At that time, Dwyer et al. were the first to show that adjunctive electrical stimulation improved the fusion rate of a diagnostically varied group of patients undergoing both anterior and posterior spinal fusion. Over the next… CONTINUE READING