Electrical Energy Storage and Intercalation Chemistry

  title={Electrical Energy Storage and Intercalation Chemistry},
  author={M. Stanley Whittingham},
  pages={1126 - 1127}
The electrochemical reaction of layered titanium disulfide with lithium giving the intercalation compound lithium titanium disulfide is the basis of a new battery system. This reaction occurs very rapidly and in a highly reversible manner at ambient temperatures as a result of structural retention. Titanium disulfide is one of a new generation of solid cathode materials. 

Topics from this paper

Lithium titanium disulfide cathodes
It is now almost 50 years since the first rechargeable lithium batteries, based on the reversible intercalation of lithium into layered structured titanium disulfide, were conceived. They were theExpand
Electrochemical characteristics of ZrSe2 in a secondary lithium battery
Abstract Electrochemical characteristics of the transition metal dichalcogenide ZrSe2 were investigated as a cathode material. Lithium intercalated ZrSe2 showed a high reversibility of lithium ionsExpand
Electrochemical investigation of the lithium-niobium disulphide organic electrolyte rechargeable cell
Abstract The reversibility of the LixNbS2 electrode in organic electrolyte cells has been examined by polarization and cycling tests. The reversibility of the electrode appears to be influenced byExpand
Solid State Electrodes for High Energy Batteries
The physical and structural properties relevant to the ability of transition metal oxides with framework structures to topochemically incorporate lithium are discussed, and Perovskite-related structures are particularly attractive hosts for lithium. Expand
Electrochemical characteristics of transition-metal trichalcogenides in the secondary lithium battery
Abstract Transition-metal trichalcogenides have been investigated as cathode materials in the lithium electrochemical cell. Three lithium ions per TiS3 molecule have been found to be marginallyExpand
Transition metal phosphorus trisulfides as battery cathodes
Abstract The transition metal dichalcogenides, such as TiS 2 , have been reported to perform well as cathodes in ambient temperature lithium batteries. It has been found that the layered, transitionExpand
Design and optimization of solid-state microbatteries
A battery is a device that converts the chemical energy contained in its active materials directly into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical oxidation-reduction reaction, also calledExpand
Design principles for electrolytes and interfaces for stable lithium-metal batteries
The development of rechargeable batteries that use metallic lithium anodes faces challenges such as dendrite formation. Here the authors review recent advances in preventing the proliferation ofExpand
Metal chalcogenides as reversible electrodes in nonaqueous lithium batteries
Abstract A number of transition metal chalcogenides possessing Van der Waals bonded structures undergo topotactic reactions with lithium. This type of reaction is often quite reversibleExpand
Bulk and surface structural changes in high nickel cathodes subjected to fast charging conditions.
A layered oxide cathode, LiNi0.6Mn0.2O2, undergoes noticeable crystal expansion by losing significantly higher amounts of Li+ at the end of fast charging cycles, but is restored back to its pristine discharged state when intercalated with enough lithium ions during an electrochemical process. Expand


Electrolysis method of intercalation of layered transition metal dichalcogenides
A new method of intercalating organic Lewis bases, alkali hydroxides, Cu and Ag metals in to Group V layered dichalcogenide single crystals at room temperature is reported. It involves electrolyticExpand
The Role of Ternary Phases in Cathode Reactions
The cell reactions between lithium and several transition metal oxides and sulfides have been found to produce ternary phases and not the formation of lithium oxide or sulfide as previously proposed.Expand
The lithium intercalates of the transition metal dichalcogenides
Abstract The lithium intercalation compounds of the layered transition metal dichalcogenides, prepared by reaction with nbutyl lithium, have been characterised by x-ray analysis. The group IVB and VBExpand
Intercalation Complexes of Lewis Bases and Layered Sulfides: A Large Class of New Superconductors
The critical temperatures of the 50 new superconductors the authors report depend on the nature of the intercalate but are insensitive to a separation of the superconducting planes of up to 57 angstroms. Expand
High-temperature batteries.
The state of the art for high-temperature batteries is presented and discussed, with emphasis given to the lithium alloy/metal sulfide and sodium/sulfur cells. Expand
Thermodynamic Properties of the Potassium–Graphite Lamellar Compounds from Solid‐State emf Measurements
Thermodynamic properties of the potassium–graphite lamellar compounds have been determined in the temperature range 200°–350°C using a solid‐state emf technique. The electrochemical cells were of theExpand
The verification of the existence of TiS2
Abstract The intrinsic electronic properties of TiS 2 are currently under some debate. It has not been conclusively demonstrated if TiS 2 is a semimetal or a degenerate semiconductor. We haveExpand
Gamble for introducing me to the layered sulfides and for his constant encouragement
  • Parameter JPL Sampson De Sitter
  • 1976