Electric shock-induced associative olfactory learning in Drosophila larvae.

  title={Electric shock-induced associative olfactory learning in Drosophila larvae.},
  author={Dennis Pauls and Johanna E R Pfitzenmaier and Rebecca Krebs-Wheaton and Mareike Selcho and Reinhard Stocker and Andreas S. Thum},
  journal={Chemical senses},
  volume={35 4},
Associative plasticity is a basic essential attribute of nervous systems. As shown by numerous reports, Drosophila is able to establish simple forms of appetitive and aversive olfactory associations at both larval and adult stages. Whereas most adult studies on aversive learning employed electric shock as a negative reinforcer, larval paradigms essentially utilized gustatory stimuli to create negative associations, a discrepancy that limits the comparison of data. To overcome this drawback, we… CONTINUE READING
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