Electric birefringence at small angles from crossed position: enhanced sensitivity and special effects.


Measurements of electric birefringence with increased sensitivity are possible using lasers with high intensity and stability, provided that perturbations resulting from stray light and strain in cell windows can be reduced. A new type of cell window is designed for minimal strain and is used in a standard birefringence setup with optimized components. The… (More)
DOI: 10.1021/jp111240n

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