Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films

@article{Novoselov2004ElectricFE,
  title={Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films},
  author={K. Novoselov and Andre K. Geim and S. Morozov and D. Jiang and Y. Zhang and S. Dubonos and I. Grigorieva and A. Firsov},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={306},
  pages={666 - 669}
}
  • K. Novoselov, Andre K. Geim, +5 authors A. Firsov
  • Published 2004
  • Medicine, Chemistry, Physics
  • Science
  • We describe monocrystalline graphitic films, which are a few atoms thick but are nonetheless stable under ambient conditions, metallic, and of remarkably high quality. The films are found to be a two-dimensional semimetal with a tiny overlap between valence and conductance bands, and they exhibit a strong ambipolar electric field effect such that electrons and holes in concentrations up to 1013 per square centimeter and with room-temperature mobilities of ∼10,000 square centimeters per volt… CONTINUE READING

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