Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films

@article{Novoselov2004ElectricFE,
  title={Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films},
  author={Kostya S. Novoselov and Andre K. Geim and S. V. Morozov and Da Jiang and Yong-wei Zhang and Sergey. V. Dubonos and Irina V. Grigorieva and Anatoly Firsov},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={306},
  pages={666 - 669}
}
We describe monocrystalline graphitic films, which are a few atoms thick but are nonetheless stable under ambient conditions, metallic, and of remarkably high quality. The films are found to be a two-dimensional semimetal with a tiny overlap between valence and conductance bands, and they exhibit a strong ambipolar electric field effect such that electrons and holes in concentrations up to 1013 per square centimeter and with room-temperature mobilities of ∼10,000 square centimeters per volt… Expand

Topics from this paper

Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus
Black phosphorus exhibits a layered structure similar to graphene, allowing mechanical exfoliation of ultrathin single crystals. Here, we demonstrate few-layer black phosphorus field effect devicesExpand
Growth of Two-Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures and Their Electrical Transport Properties at Low Tempertaure
We report on a systematic electrical transport study of carbon nanowalls using both the normal metal and superconducting electrodes. The nonlinear transport and corresponding anomalous dI/dV versusExpand
Conduction and electric field effect in ultra-thin TiN films
Using low pressure atomic layer deposition, ultra-thin continuous TiN films were prepared. The temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR), resistivity and field effect properties of these films wereExpand
Electron properties in thin MoS2 films grown by CVD method
Monolayer MoS2 is a promising two-dimensional material for electronic and optoelectronic devices. In this work, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is performed for the synthesis of MoS2 films on SiO2.Expand
Tunable bandgap in silicene and germanene.
TLDR
Ab initio quantum transport simulation of a dual-gated silicene field effect transistor confirms that the vertical electric field opens a transport gap, and a significant switching effect by an applied gate voltage is also observed, meaning biased single-layer silicenes and germanene can work effectively at room temperature as field effect transistors. Expand
Metal-semiconductor (semimetal) superlattices on a graphite sheet with vacancies
It has been found that periodically closely spaced vacancies on a graphite sheet cause a significant rearrangement of its electronic spectrum: metallic waveguides with a high density of states nearExpand
Influence of the growth conditions of epitaxial graphene on the film topography and the electron transport properties
In this work we report on temperature-dependent magnetotransport measurements on epitaxial graphene grown on SiC(0001) under different preparation conditions. We demonstrate that the temperatureExpand
Enhancement of coercive field in atomically-thin quenched Fe5GeTe2
We have fabricated thin films of a van der Waals (vdW) ferromagnetic metal Fe5GeTe2 and characterized them by measuring the anomalous Hall effect. While the bulk Fe5GeTe2 does not exhibit aExpand
Low-temperature grown graphene films by using molecular beam epitaxy
Complete graphene film is prepared by depositing carbon atoms directly on Cu foils in a molecular beam epitaxy chamber at 300 °C. The Raman spectrum of the film has indicated that high-qualityExpand
Conductance of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite nanocontacts
The conductance-voltage G(V) characteristics for contacts between electrodes of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite were studied in a wide range of G(0), bias voltages, and temperatures using theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Hall constant in quantum-sized semimetal Bi films: Electric field effect influence
We report on the influence of a gate voltage on the Hall constant [electric field effect Hall constant (EFE–HC)] in a quantum-sized Bi film. The dependence of EFE–HC on the applied electric field,Expand
Possibility of a metallic field-effect transistor
We develop theoretical arguments that demonstrate the possibility of metallic field-effect transistors in one-dimensional systems and particularly in armchair carbon nanotubes. A very inhomogeneousExpand
Characterization of single-crystal diamond grown by chemical vapour deposition processes
Abstract Homoepitaxial diamond films have been deposited on natural diamond substrates by the hot-filament-assisted chemical vapour deposition technique and by the oxygen-acetylene combustion flameExpand
Fabrication of mesoscopic devices from graphite microdisks
Structural and transport properties of individual micron-sized graphitic disks with less than one hundred graphene layers are measured. Mesoscopic devices of any arbitrary geometry can be fabricatedExpand
Sensitivity of single multiwalled carbon nanotubes to the environment
We report on electrical resistance measurements of single multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) in different environments (ambient air, H2 ,O 2 and the electrolytes LiClO4 ,K Cl, KMnO 4 and H3PO3).Expand
Characterization of nitrogen doped chemical vapor deposited single crystal diamond before and after high pressure, high temperature annealing
A 820 micron thick single crystal diamond layer epitaxially grown on a single crystal diamond seed (high pressure, high temperature grown synthetic) by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition withExpand
STM investigation of single layer graphite structures produced on Pt(111) by hydrocarbon decomposition
STM has provided new insight into the nucleation, growth and nature of the graphite layer formed on Pt(111) by hydrocarbon decomposition. Annealing an ethylene covered surface to 800 K results in theExpand
Experimental evidence of a single nano-graphene
A single nano-sized graphene sheet is prepared by a combination of electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and heat-treatment of diamond nano-particles on a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG)Expand
Hydrogen in polycrystalline diamond: An infrared analysis
Abstract Hydrogen in polycrystalline diamond (PCD) films has been analysed by infrared spectroscopy. A series of differently prepared PCD films exhibiting considerable differences in the shape of theExpand
Nitrogen, a major impurity in common type I diamond
Common type I diamonds (as classified by Robertson et al.) have additional absorption in the infrared and ultraviolet. It is shown that the strongest absorption band in the infrared at 7.8Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...